30 McGeorge L. Rev. 863 (1998-1999)
Revisiting FDR's Court Packing Plan: Are the Current Attacks on Judicial Independence So Bad

handle is hein.journals/mcglr30 and id is 905 raw text is: Article
Revisiting FDR's Court Packing Plan: Are the Current
Attacks on Judicial Independence so Bad?
Stephan 0. Kline*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.  INTRODUCTION  ..............................................  864
II. ROOSEVELT'S ELECTION AND ANTI-NEW DEAL DECISIONs ............ 870
A.  A New Deal for America ................................... 871
B.  A  Court Divided  .........................................  871
C. Judicial Conservatives Triumph ............................. 875
D. Sick Chickens and Black Monday ............................ 880
E. The Second New Deal and More Assaults on the Administration ... 886
F  A  Remarkable Year .......................................  895
III. ROOSEVELT'S DEVELOPMENT OFTHE COURT PACKING PLAN .......... 896
A.  Democracy in Action  .....................................  897
B.  FDR's Early Strategy  ..................................... 900
C. A ConstitutionalAmendment ............................... 902
D. The House of Lords Threat ................................. 905
E.  The Age Canard  .........................................  907
F  FDR's Recommendation to Reorganize the Judicial Branch ....... 908
G.  Productivity  .............................................  915
IV. LEGISLATIVE DISASTER BUT THE COURT BUDGES ................... 916
A.  Public Reaction  .........................................  917
B. Administrative Strategy, Friends and Foes ..................... 918
C.  Dropping the Age Game ................................... 922
D.  Heard in Congress  ....................................... 928
E.  The Chief Speaks Out ..................................... 932
F  A New Tern, A New Outlook ............................... 936
G. A  Committee Opposed  .................................... 942
H. A  Death in the Family ..................................... 946
I.  Aftermath  ..............................................  948
V.  CONCLUSION  ...............................................  951
*  B.A. Wesleyan University. 1989, J.D., 1992, and LL.M. in Law and Government, 1998, The American
University's Washington College of Law. Mr. Kline is a public interest attorney in Washington, D.C. who
specializes in legislative issues relating to the federal courts. The author wishes to thank Washington College of
Law Professor Jamie Raskin for his helpful suggestions on this project.

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