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12 McGill Int'l J. Sust. Dev. L. & Pol'y 1 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/mcgijosd12 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Parens Patriae and Public Trust: Litigating

           Environmental Harm Per Se


Monique Evans*


In  Western  legal traditions, environmental
harm is generally viewed through a strict
anthropocentric lens-an approach that has thus
far failed to deliver on the goal of environmental
sustainability. The author argues that recognition
of environmental harm per se in Canadian
law would enhance environmental protection
and presents vehicles for addressing such harm
through litigation. In particular, the author


examines options for litigating environmental
harm per se: governmental actions under the
parens patriae jurisdiction and their converse-
citizen actions against government under the
doctrine of public trust. Although both options
have their own limitations, both could be used
to effectuate the law' potential role in creating a
sustainable future.


Dans les traditions juridiques occidentales,
les   dommages     environnementaux     sont
generalement perfus    dun   point  de   vue
strictement anthropocentrique-une approche
qui n'a, jusqui maintenant, pas donn  les
rdsultats escomptds en matre de prdservation
de l'environnement. L'auteure soutient que
la reconnaissance par le droit canadien des
dommages     environnementaux   comme     un
prjudice en soit amdliorerait la protection de
l'environnement et oJJfirait un moyen d'adresser
ces dommages par le biais de procddures


judiciaires. Notamment, l'auteure   tudie les
options visant 4 intenter une action en justice
pour des dommages environnementaux en soi :
les actions gouvernementales sous la juridiction
parens patriae et leurs contraires-les actions
citoyennes contre le gouvernement en vertu de la
doctrine de lafiduciepublique.
Bien que chaque option ait ses limites, chacune
pourrait tre utilisde afin de concrdtiser le rle
potentiel du droit dans la crdation d'un futur
durable.


Titre francophone : Parens Patriae et fiducie publique: le dommage environnemental comme prejudice
en soi
JD, University of Ottawa, 2015. The author wishes to acknowledge helpful input by Professor Lynda
Collins of the Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability, University of Ottawa.

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