About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

4 Law & Hum. Behav. 1 (1980)

handle is hein.journals/lwhmbv4 and id is 1 raw text is: Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 4, Nos. 1/2, 1980

Parental Opposition to Deinstitutionalization
A Challenge in Need of Attention and Resolution
Robinsue Frohboese* and Bruce Dennis Salest
Parental opposition to the deinstitutionalization of mentally retarded persons is a growing, organized
phenomenon which has recently emerged as a nationwide challenge to the deinstitutionalization movement.
It is a challenge, however, which has been virtually ignored by key actors in the movement, including
planners and implementers of deinstitutionalization schemes, systemic and individual advocates, and
researchers. In order to begin to address and appropriately resolve the challenges posed by this
phenomenon, an examination of it was undertaken in Nebraska using a tripartite conceptual framework
which (1) historically described the national and state social-legal context within which parental opposition
has emerged; (2) identified the bases of the opposition; and (3) recommended how these concerns could be
addressed and appropriately resolved by offering directions for future research and policy analysis based
upon applicable psychological theories and studies, and legal decisions and principles.
During the past decade, there has been a massive movement of institutionalized
mentally retarded persons back to their natural communities and homes (Butterfield,
1976). Momentum for this deinstitutionalization, as the movement has been labeled,
initially emanated in large part from parental advocates who, with the assistance and
support of professionals, influenced federal and state legislative and administrative
policies to initiate this large-scale social change. Subsequently, parents resorted to the
courts and successfully secured a more permanent and forceful change agent to spur
the movement.
In its 1976 report to the President, the President's Committee on Mental Retar-
dation (PCMR) stated that deinstitutionalization
*American Association for the Advancement of Science-American Psychological Association Congres-
sional Science fellow, Washington, D.C.
tDepartment of Psychology and College of Law, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

0147-7307/80/0600-0001503.00/0 © 1980 Plenum Publishing Corporation

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most