43 Law & Psychol. Rev. 239 (2018-2019)
Holdouts, Lockouts, and Payouts: The National Football League's Bargaining Power Phenomenon

handle is hein.journals/lpsyr43 and id is 251 raw text is: 









      HOLDOUTS,  LOCKOUTS,  AND  PAYOUTS:  THE NATIONAL
      FOOTBALL LEAGUE'S  BARGAINING   POWER  PHENOMENON

                          Jacob Salow

                       TABLE OF CONTENTS

 INTRODUCTION.................................................240
 I. WHAT MAKES THE PROFESSIONAL SPORTS CONTEXT UNIQUE? .............242
       A . The N F L  .............................................. . ...........................24 3
                1. The Impact of Violence and Resulting Psychological
                   P ressures ...............................................................244
 II. RELEVANT ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCEDURES ............246
       A . A rbitration ...............................................................................24 6
       B . M ediation  ................................................................................ 24 7
III. DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS .....249
      A. How  Mediation Can Remedy the Lockout Problem................250
                1. Participation (and Lack Thereof) Means Control 251
                2. Bringing the Actual Parties Together, Building
                  R elationships  ................... ....... .......................... 252
               3. Financial Implications and Bargaining Power.....253
               4. Media Coverage and Confidentiality ....................254
IV. HOW A BETTER CBA CAN REMEDY THE HOLDOUT PROBLEM.............255
      A . H oldo uts ..................................................................................2 55
      B. Salary Mediation Provision    ........................258
               1. Neutral Third Party, Neutral Environment...........259
               2. Preserving and Building Relationships.................259
               3. Saving Time and Money ...................................260
V. CONCLUSION................................................261

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