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10 Lentera Hukum i (2023)

handle is hein.journals/lenth10 and id is 1 raw text is: 

LENTERA HUKUM, 10:1 (2023), PP. I-VIII         Available online 29 May 2023
ISSN 2355-4673 (Print) 2621-3710 (Online)      https://doi.org/10.19184/ejlh.vlOil.38435

Navigating Human Rights in Indonesia and Beyond

Muhammad Bahrul Ulum*
Faculty of Law, University offember, Indonesia

Ari Wirya  Dinata
Faculty of Law, Bengkulu University, Indonesia

                             I. OVERVIEW

In Indonesia, promoting   human  rights is a long battle run. Human  rights
were just formally recognised when  Suharto's authoritarian regime ended in
1998,  but these  rights have experienced  a rise and  fall throughout the
Reformasi.  Indonesia  successfully amended the 1945 Constitution by
incorporating  more  human   rights provisions and enacted Human Rights
Law  39/1999.  However,   this country still faces the challenges of ensuring
that human  rights are promoted with the state's obligation to respect, protect
and  fulfil amidst the debates on  institutional reforms, universalism and
relativism,' as well as the limited powers  of the  national human   rights
institution.2 Along with efforts to ensure that democracy and human  rights
can  coexist, democratisation in  Indonesia  is also inextricably linked to
advancing  human   rights. After two decades of Indonesia's reform, human
rights and  democracy   have  become   vital cornerstones,  but they  have
experienced serious challenges in their promotion.

'  Heru Susetyo, Human Rights Regime between Universality and Cultural Relativism:
   The Asian and Indonesian Experience Culture & International Law II (2018) 16:2
   Indonesian J Int'l L 191-209 at 195.
2  Melissa Crouch, Asian Legal Transplants and Rule of Law Reform: National Human
   Rights Commission in Myanmar and Indonesia (2013) 5:2 Hague Journal on the
   Rule of Law 146-177 at 165.

* Corresponding author, email: muhd.bahrul@unej.ac.id
Published by the University of Jember. ( The Author(s), 2023. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of
the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses /by-sa/4.0).

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