12 League of Nations O. J. 764 (1931)
Commission of Enquiry for European Union

handle is hein.journals/leagon12 and id is 844 raw text is: 764                        League of Nations -   Ofticat Journal                  MAY 1031
Sertes of Publicalions i93i.VII.2.                      Offictal No. C.2o4.1.Sz.193r,VIL
[C.E.U.E.IC.O.f 5(I).)
Geneva, March 3xst, 1931.
At its meeting on January 2ist, 1931, the Commission of Enquiry for European Union set
up a sub-committee, consisting of the representatives of Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
British Empire, Greece, Italy Poland, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Yugoslavia, to study
the constitution, orgamsation and procedure of the Commission.
x. Before submitting to the Commission the outcome of the sub-committee's discussions,
it may be well to recall in a few words the origin and character of the Commission.
It will be remembered that the Assembly expressed its conviction that close co-operation
between the Governments of Europe in every field of international activity was of capital
importance for the preservation of peace, and associated itself with the unanmous opinion of the
representatives of the European Governments that such co-operation was necessary It invited
the Governments of the European States Members of the League of Nations to form themselves
into a League Commission to pursue the enquiry It was thus clearly specified that this Commission
should be an organ of the League, but that it should be open to the Commission to pursue its
enquiries in conjunction with non-European Members and with European non-member Governments.
On this subject the President of the Assembly said. I am sure that I am expressing the unanimous
opinion of the Assembly in saying that those States Members of the League which are not
represented on the Commission just set up should nevertheless be erititled to send observers to
the Commission's meetings, so that they may submit their views should they think fit. I take
it that the Assembly approves this proposal 
2. It may also be well to call attention to the fact that after the Commission's second session
the Chairman was deputed to communicate to the Council the resolutions passed by the Commis-
sion, with a request that it take note of them and authonse the technical Organisations and
the Secretary-General of the League to take the necessary action. The Council, at its meeting
on January 23rd, 193i, I acted accordingly
From all this we obtain certain essential facts regarding the constitution and organisatton
of our Commission. First, as we have already seen, the Commission is a League Commission,
and it is its duty as such, to report to the Council and Assembly which will decide what action
is to be taken on its resolutions. Under these conditions, therefore, the Commission may secure
the assistance of the technical organisations and advisory committees of the League.
Secondly those States Members of the League which are not represented on the Commission
are entitled to send observers to its meetings and submit their views should they think fit. These
States share,, moreover, in the general supervision exercised by the Council and the Assembly
over all the Commission's proceedings.
3. Acting as a League Commission, the Commission of Enquiry is subject, generally to the
usual rules for such commissions, but it can, of course, make special rules of its own. For example,
the Commission has already agreed that each Government may be represented by a delegate and, if
it so desires, by a deputy delegate. Again, the Commission has already invited certain European
Governments not Members of the League to take part in the study of the world economic crisis
in so far as it affects the European countries as a whole. Further, it has set up ad hoc committees

I See Official Journal, February 1931, page 209.

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