8 LEAA Newsl. 1 (1979)

handle is hein.journals/leaanews8 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Mob   Control  Theory   Contradicted

'Little Man' Runs New York Gambling Rackets

  The  little man, not  organized
crime, is operating the bookmaking and
numbers rackets, at least in New York
  An LEAA-financed study contradicts
conventional police theory that most
gambling revenues are being used by
the mob  or syndicate to finance
other criminal activities such as heroin
trafficking, prostitution, and loan

  The study said that illegal bookmak-
ing on sports events- baseball, football,
and  basketball games- has far out-
stripped illegal horse race betting,
which is on the decline.

     Track Attendance Dropped
  The  study also said that since off
track betting became legal in New York
in 1970, attendance at New York's ma-
jor thoroughbred tracks- Belmont Park

and Aqueduct-- has dropped by  one-
third with a corresponding drop in the
daily pari-mutuel handle.
  Many  bookmakers who don't want to
take horse race bets are referring these
customers to the off track betting and
some bookies are even using OTB as a
place to lay off' high risk bets.
  The study also refutes the stereotype
of loan sharks as predators who are
                 (continued on page 12)

Public Confidence In Criminal Justice

System Must Be Restored: Dogin

  Henry S. Dogin, LEAA's acting ad-
ministrator, told a national conference
in Washington, D.C. that the restora-
tion of the public's confidence in the
criminal justice system was one of the
agency's highest priorities and assistance
to victims and witnesses to crime was a
key to restoring that confidence.
  Mr. Dogin, in his first major address
since becoming head  of LEAA   two
months ago, expressed the importance
of victim/witness programs to some 300
state and local representatives at the
opening session of LEAA's  National
Victim/Witness Conference.
       Need To Dispel Apathy
  My hope is that our work here will be
a first step in developing a comprehen-
sive and integrated federal-state- local
strategy for victim/witness assistance,
he said.
  It is absolutely essential that we dis-
pel the apathy that exists on the part of
the public in its dealings with the police,
courts, and corrections systems in this
country. Of vital importance to this goal
is improving state and local services to
crime victims and crime witnesses.

Acting Administrator Henry S. Dogin (right) talks with media representatives at the victiml
witness conference. Assistant Administrator Robert Grimes of the Office of Criminal Justice
Programs is on Mr. Dogin's right.

  Mr.  Dogin said LEAA   will make
funds available to police, prosecution,
social service agencies, and other units
of state and local government to enable
them to help the victims of assault, rob-
bery, rape, and other crimes.

  Making government better- making
it less costly and more useful to the citi-
zens who have to pay for it-is one of
the hallmarks of an enlightened society.
The  test of good government is how
                 (continued on page 8)

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