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2 Laws 1 (2013)

handle is hein.journals/laws2 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Laws 2013, 2, 1-19; doi:10.3390/laws2010001

                                                                            ISSN  2075-471X

Public and Private Food Safety Standards: Facilitating or
Frustrating Fresh Produce Growers?

Jan Mei Soon  '* and Richard N. Baines 2

1  Faculty of Agro Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, 17100 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia
2  School of Agriculture, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, GL7 6JS, UK

   E-Mail: richard.baines@rac.ac.uk

*  Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: soonjan@umk.edu.my;
   Tel.: +60-9-573-7933; Fax: +60-9-947-7022.

Received: 14 September 2012; in revised form: 9 January 2013 /Accepted: 9 January 2013 /
Published: 22 January 2013

     Abstract: Global private food safety and quality standards have undergone some major
     overhauls during the past two decades, and these will continue to evolve with the recent
     emphasis on harmonization. The Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) attempts to ensure
     that harmonize retail standards are commendable and elegant in principle, but in practice,
     retailers continue to demand their own standard, whilst supporting GFSI's benchmarking
     program. It is difficult to see such retailers giving up their own standards and the control
     they currently exert as chain captains. There is also the risk that too much harmonization
     will result in these standards losing their individuality and uniqueness. Amidst the struggle
     for  private standard dominance, alternative approaches to risk management   (e.g.,
     self-assessment of risk, independent audits and risk ranking) may be the way forward,
     similar to how insurance risks are calculated for businesses. Furthermore, this risk-based
     approach could also lead to the effective implementation of co-regulation, where both
     public and private sector compliances are addressed together-a win-win situation. This
     paper considers the implications and future trends of fresh produce farming, and identifies
     five interventions (i.e., assurance schemes), which include the do-nothing scenario to
     underpinning one's brand or label with an existing scheme.

     Keywords:  farm assurance schemes; food safety risk assessment; GFSI; harmonization

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