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4 Law Democracy & Dev. v (2000)

handle is hein.journals/laacydev4 and id is 1 raw text is: Editorial
In this edition of Law, Democracy and Development salient areas of social
security in South Africa are discussed. Certain overarching themes, which
have a bearing on all the branches of social security, are dealt with sepa-
rately - the conceptual framework, scope of application, constitutional
issues, judicial protection and enforcement, and international and com-
parative standards. Particular risk categories are discussed individually.
These include disability, family support and maternity protection, and
unemployment coverage. The discussion deals with general characteristics
of the various themes, commenting on some of the problems, and refer-
ring to some international and comparative precedents.
The approach is neither purely legal, nor comprehensive. The inter- and
multi-disciplinary nature of social security necessitates some reflection on
non-legal principles and the integration of these into the legal framework.
The contributions largely reflect the outcomes of an inter-university re-
search project on social security supported and approved by the Centre for
Scientific Development of the Human Sciences Research Council (now the
Division for Social Sciences and Humanities (DSSH) of the National Re-
search Foundation (NRF)). The research outcomes have been incorporated
in several publications, amongst which the first South African text book on
social security law' which served as the basis for the contributions in this
publication.
The financial assistance of the National Research Foundation: Social
Sciences and Humanities towards this research is specifically acknowl-
edged. Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at are those of the
authors and not necessarily to be attributed to the National Research
Foundation.
Synopsis of articles
The first article presents an overview of the concept of social security. It
deals with the origins of the concept of social security as well as its mod-
ern form, stressing the importance of the concept of solidarity for a suc-
cessful and inclusive social security system. It advocates a functional
definition of social security, moving away from regarding social security
merely as measures of a public nature to an approach which includes all
instruments able to guarantee social security that are available to society.
The second article deals with the scope of application of social security
in South Africa, particularly the position of excluded and marginalised
groups. The major part of the article gives an overview of the categories of
I Olivier et al Social Security Law: General Principles (1999).

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