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83 Judicature 59 (1999-2000)
How Much Justice Hangs in the Balance - A New Look at Hung Jury Rates

handle is hein.journals/judica83 and id is 61 raw text is: Concerns about hung juries have prompted calls for reform,
but new research suggests these calls may be premature.

E arlier this year, U.S. dis-
trict judge Claude M.
Hilton declared a mistrial
in the case of United States
v. Julie Hiatt Steele when the seven-
woman, five-man jury deadlocked,
unable to reach a unanimous verdict.
Steele had been charged with four
counts of lying to the FBI and two
federal grand juries in connection
with the Independent Counsel's in-
This project is supported by Grant No. 98-IJ-CS-
0048, awarded by the National Institute of Jus-
tice, Office ofJustice Programs, U.S. Department
ofJustice to the National Center for State Courts.
Points of view expressed in this article are those
of the authors and do not necessarily represent
the official position or policies of the U.S. De-
partment of Justice or the NCSC.
The authors wish to extend their thanks to

vestigation of President Bill Clinton.
In light of the jury's dispositions in
the trial of Susan McDougal a month
earlier, many political pundits attrib-
uted the disposition in the Steele trial
to growing public hostility to the In-
dependent Counsel's prosecutions
stemming       from     the    Monica
Lewinsky investigation. The hung
juries were regarded as a reflection
not of the juries' inability to agree
Robyn Finkelman, Brian Potter, and Ana Watkins
for research assistance, and to Shari Diamond for
comments on an earlier version of the manu-
script. For additional information about this on-
going project, please contact Paula L. Hanna-
ford, National Center for State Courts, 300
Newport Ave., Williamsburg, VA 23185; (757)
259-1556; e-mail: phannaford@ncsc.dni.us.

on the facts of these cases, but
rather of their perception of the le-
PAULA L. HANNAFORD is a senior re-
search analyst at the National Center for
State Courts.
VALERIE P. HANS is a professor of
criminal justice and psychology at the
University of Delaware and a research
affiliate with the National Center for State
of the Center for Jury Studies, National
Center for State Courts.
gitimacy of the prosecution.
But is that conclusion warranted?

September-October 1999  Volume 83, Number 2 Judicature 59

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