28 Judges J. 1 (1989)

handle is hein.journals/judgej28 and id is 1 raw text is: Court

The Federal Pay
Raise Rises Again
The effort to increase federal judicial pay never
died. Like a phoenix, it has risen again. This time
the Bush administration is expected to support an
immediate 25 percent pay increase for federal
judges, separate from congressional raises. (The of-
ficial announcement of this was scheduled for mid-
April, after this column was written, so some de-
tails may change.) Another proposal by the influ-
ential National Commission on Public Service,
headed by former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul
A. Volcker, would completely restore federal judi-
cial purchasing power to the base year 1969. The
Volcker Commission proposal endorsed the Quad-
rennial Commission's call to restore purchasing
power to 1969 levels in two stages: 25 percent now,
and the balance by the beginning of a new Congress
in 1991.
This broad new support for a federal judicial pay
increase comes shortly after Congress, under pres-
sure, rejected a federal pay increase for judges, leg-
islators, and other high-level government officials
on February 7. In spite of that rejection, the Amer-
ican Bar Association and other groups have contin-
ued to push for a federal judicial pay raise. The
decision to propose another pay increase is appar-
ently in response to this public outcry.
Robert D. Raven, president of the American Bar
Association, stated in a February 14, 1989, letter to
all federal judges:
The rejection of the Quadrennial Commis-
sion's recommendation was a serious setback but
is by no means the final word on the issue. The
bar has a special responsibility to ensure the ef-
fective functioning of the justice system, and we
will continue to devote our full resources to gain-
ing approval of significant judicial pay raises as
soon as humanly possible. We must achieve both
short-term and long-term solutions; in the short
term we must gain a pay increase for the judici-
ary, and in the long term we must establish a
compensation system in which the judiciary will
not be held hostage to extraneous political con-

ABA 1989 Midyear Meeting Report
The ABA House of Delegates voted in February on
a number of resolutions affecting the judiciary, in-
cluding one that urges states to adopt minimum
standards for judicial leave. The judicial leave stan-
dards, proposed by the National Conference of
Special Court Judges, recommend criteria for eval-
uating various types of judicial leave, including va-
cation leave, holiday leave, administrative leave,
professional leave, sick and disability leave, paren-
tal leave, and sabbatical leave, and other leave pol-
icies. The criteria are intended only to establish
minimum requirements.
One purpose of the standards is to assure that a
judge receives necessary respite from the bench,
provide time for judicial education, and afford an
opportunity for a judge to make a contribution to
the improvement of the administration of justice.
The standards also are aimed at helping judges
avoid fatigue and combat burnout. Another goal is
to allay the fears of the public that judges are not
accountable for time away from the bench. The fol-
lowing are the proposed minimum criteria for var-
ious types of leave. They are published here in an
edited, abbreviated form.
Vacation Leave. Judges should be granted no
fewer than 21 days vacation a year and no more
than 30. This is in addition to leave for other pur-
poses, including sick leave, writing time, educa-
tional leave, and professional leave.
Holiday Leave. Judges should be entitled to no
fewer than 10 holidays a year. Unless there are
compelling reasons otherwise, judges should be en-
titled to the same holidays granted to other state
employees within the jurisdiction.
Educational Leave. (1) A newly-appointed judge
should receive initial orientation and training im-
mediately upon assuming judicial office. (2) Within
the next two years, more extensive and intensive
overall orientation and training should be under-
taken at recognized state and national judicial ed-
ucation programs. Appropriate leave should be
granted to attend these educational programs, which
run from 2-4 weeks. (3) There should be a struc-
tured program of continuing legal education for all

Winter 1989

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