16 J. Transnat'l L. & Pol'y 275 (2006-2007)
Public Purpose, Private Losses: Regulatory Expropriation and Environmental Regulation in International Investment Law

handle is hein.journals/jtrnlwp16 and id is 281 raw text is: PUBLIC PURPOSE, PRIVATE LOSSES:
REGULATORY EXPROPRIATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL
REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW
JUSTIN R. MARLLES*
I.   INTRODUCTION TO REGULATORY EXPROPRIATION ........... 276
II.  CHRONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF REGULATORY EXPRO-
PRIATION IN NAFTA ARTICLE 1110 JURISPRUDENCE ......  279
A. Introduction to NAFTA Article 1110 ........................ 279
B. Article 1110 Jurisprudence ....................................  280
III. ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF REGULATORY EXPROPRIATION
IN CUSTOMARY INTERNATIONAL LAW AND BILATERAL
INVESTMENT TREATIES ..............................................  295
A. Identifying Regulatory Expropriation ........................ 295
1. Introduction to the Law of Regulatory Expropria-
tion in Customary Law and Bilateral Investment Trea-
ties  .........................................................................  295
2. Identifying Regulatory Expropriation: Loss of
C ontrol ...................................................................  296
3. Identifying Regulatory Expropriation: Disap-
pointment of Investor Expectations .............................. 301
4. Identifying Regulatory Expropriation: Deprivation
of  Value ..................................................................  304
B. Elements of Proper or Legal Regulatory Expropria-
tion under Customary International Law ..................... 306
1. Introduction to Proper Regulatory Expropriation
Under Customary International Law ................   306
2. Proper Regulatory Expropriation Under Custom-
ary International Law: The Public Purpose Element ...... 308
3. Proper Regulatory Expropriation Under Custom-
ary International Law: The Compensation Element ....... 312
4. Proper Regulatory Expropriation Under Custom-
ary International Law: The Elements of Non-
Discriminatory Treatment and Due Process Law ........... 314
IV. CHRONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF REGULATORY EXPRO-
PRIATION IN THE JURISPRUDENCE OF THE ENERGY
CHARTER  TREATY .....................................................  317
A. Introduction to Energy Charter Treaty Article 13 ....... 317
B. Article  13 Jurisprudence ........................................  320
* University of Virginia School of Law, J.D. candidate, 2007.
275

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