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21 J. S. Legal Hist. 109 (2013)
Senator John G. Tower: A Republican's Dissent to the Civil Rights Act of 1964

handle is hein.journals/jslh21 and id is 121 raw text is: ARTICLE

Senator John G. Tower: A Republican's Dissent
to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
By Rachel Ambler *
Their cause must be our cause too. Because it is not just Negroes, but
really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry
and injustice. And we shall overcome.'
President Lyndon B. Johnson
I. Introduction
F ollowing closely on the heels of an incident in May 1963,
where Birmingham, Alabama Sheriff Bull Conner
unleashed police dogs, cattle prods, and blasts of high-powered
water from firehoses on peaceful civil rights demonstrations,
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy fulfilled his promise and delivered the
most sweeping civil rights bill to Congress since Reconstruction.'
The date was June 11, 1963. That day, Alabama Governor
George Wallace stood defiantly blocking two African-American
youths from registering at the University of Alabama. That night
in Jackson, Mississippi, white supremacists murdered Medgar
Evers, Mississippi field secretary for the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).' President
*   Solo practitioner, Law Office of Rachel Ambler, San Antonio, Texas. The
University of Texas of the Permian Basin (B.A. History, 2010, summa cum
laude); St. Mary's University School of Law (J.D., 2013 cum laude). Member,
Texas State Bar.
I dedicate this Article to my ever-supportive husband and best friend, Frank
A. Hunold,Jr. I extend my deep appreciation and thanks to Professor Michael
Ariens, St. Mary's University School of Law, for his advice and encouragement.

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