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3 J. Islamic L. 1 (2022)

handle is hein.journals/jrnloim3 and id is 1 raw text is: 

JIL: Journal of Islamic Law, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2022.

   Legal Problems   Using  AstraZeneca   Vaccine:  Hermeneutic
   Analysis   of the Fatwa  of the Indonesian   Ulema  Council

   Problematika Hukum Penggunaan Vaksin AstraZeneca:
     Analisis Hermeneutik terhadap Fatwa Majelis Ulama

                         Miftahus Sa'diyah*
      Universitas Islam Negeri KH Achmad Shiddiq Jember, Indonesia

                     Mowafg  Abrahem  Masuwd
                        Zawia University, Libya

                          Ach. Faqih Supandi
                  Universitas Islam Jember, Indonesia
                       achfaqih 795@gmail. com

 DOI: 10.24260/jil.v3i1.496
 Received: December 9, 2021  Revised: January29, 2022  Approved: January29, 2022
 * Corresponding Author

Abstract: Recently, the Indonesian Muslim community has been shocked by
the government's policy to use the AstraZeneca Vaccine to minimize the
negative impact of Corona Virus Disease 10  (Covid-19). This policy is
permitted by the Fatwa of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), although it
uses trypsin from pigs to make the vaccine. This article explains the legal
problems of using the vaccine from a hermeneutic perspective. This research
is a literature review using the MUI Fatwa Number 14 of 2021 concerning the
Law on the Use of the Covid-19 Vaccine for AstraZeneca Products as primary
data and analyzing it descriptively with a hermeneutic approach. The authors
found that the MUI Fatwa Number 14 of 2021 was a direct request from the
government and was used as a guideline for implementing the AstraZeneca
Vaccine for Muslim communities in Indonesia. In determining the fatwa on
the permissibility of using the AstraZeneca Vaccine in an emergency to create
herd immunity against Covid-19, the MUI Fatwa Commission uses the qiyas
and maqdsid al-syari'ah methods. The use of these two methods can be seen
from the citation of several fiqh rules and opinions of previous scholars. Even
though there are  contradictory responses to the MUI Fatwa, the only
difference lies in the concept of istihalah (change of unclean objects to
become holy) used by the fatwa institution.

Keywords:  Fatwa, Indonesian Ulema Council, AstraZeneca, Hermeneutics,


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