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43 J. Space L. 196 (2019)
Exploring the Legal Challenges of Future on-Orbit Servicing Missions and Proximity Operations

handle is hein.journals/jrlsl43 and id is 206 raw text is: 

                   EXPLORING THE LEGAL



           Anne-Sophie Martin* and Steven Freeland**


     On-orbit  servicing (OOS)  and rendezvous   and proximity  oper-
ations (RPO)  currently represent  key elements regarding  future on-
orbit activities. If successfully implemented, these types of missions
will greatly increase the viability of and benefits from space activi-
ties. Several countries and companies   are seeking to develop active
debris removal   (ADR), OOS,  and  RPO  capabilities. However,  these
proposed   activities raise several legal, safety, security and policy
challenges.  Indeed, the planned  future servicing missions  through
a so-called space  tug -including  orbit correction, refueling, space

     Dr. Anne-Sophie Martin is a Doctor of Law specializing in International Law and
Space Law. Her doctoral research focused on the legal aspects of dual-use satellites. She
received her LL.M in Space Law and Telecommunications Law from the University of
Paris-Sud XI (France) and her PhD from Sapienza University of Rome (Italy). On August
2017, she attended the Centre for Studies and Research of The Hague Academy of Inter-
national Law. She is a visiting researcher within the Centre for a Spacefaring Civiliza-
tion. Member, International Institute of Space Law; Member, Space Generation Advisory
Council; Member, International Institute of Space Commerce; Member, European Cen-
tre of Space Law; Young Professional Member, American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics; Member, For All Moonkind Legal Council; Member, French Society of Air
and Space Law. Email contact annesophie.martin@uniromal.it.
    Professor of International Law, Western Sydney University; Visiting Professor,
University of Vienna: Permanent Visiting Professor, iCourts Centre of Excellence for
International Courts, University of Copenhagen; Visiting Professor, Universit6 Tou-
lousel Capitole; Associate member, Centre for Research in Air and Space Law, McGill
University; Member of Faculty, London Institute of Space Policy and Law; Adjunct Pro-
fessor, University of Hong Kong; Adjunct Professor, University of Adelaide; Member,
Australian Space Agency Advisory Group; Director, International Institute of Space
Law; Member of the Space Law Committee, International Law Association; Member of
the Space Law Committee, International Bar Association; Member, European Centre of
Space Law. Email contact s.freeland@westernsydney.edu.au.


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