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20 J. Soc. & Soc. Welfare 69 (1993)
Child Care Needs of Welfare Recipients in Maryland's Welfare Reform Program

handle is hein.journals/jrlsasw20 and id is 293 raw text is: Child Care Needs of Welfare Recipients
In Maryland's Welfare Reform Program
Barbara H. Vann
Loyola College
Todd W. Rofuth
Southern Connecticut State University
Legislation mandating participation of welfare recipient parents in ed-
ucation and employment and training programs has created increased
demand for provision of child care. Providing the most appropriate care
for this unique population depends, ideally, on its needs and preferences.
This study examines child care needs and preferences of a sample of
participants in Maryland's welfare reform employment and training
programs. Although care by a relative is most widely used by these
respondents, it is not clear that this is the type of care preferred by
the majority of respondents. This has important implications for policy
decisions regarding child care funding.
The Family Support Act of 1988, the nation's recent welfare
reform law, establishes new obligations for Aid to Families with
Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients and State governments.
As a result, most AFDC families are now required to partici-
pate in education and job training activities as a condition of
receiving welfare. Prior to the Family Support Act, only AFDC
parents with school-age children were obligated to participate,
although some states operated voluntary programs. Under the
Family Support Act, this participation mandate extends to par-
ents whose youngest child is age three or over. Although states
have the option of reducing the age threshold to age one or
over, few states planned to do so prior to implementation of the
act (American Public Welfare Association, 1989), primarily due
to the increased demand for child care that this policy would

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