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13 J. Soc. & Soc. Welfare 248 (1986)
Factors Contributing to Coalition Maintenance

handle is hein.journals/jrlsasw13 and id is 260 raw text is: FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO
Maria Roberts-DeGennaro, Ph.D.
School of Social Work
San Diego State University
Organizations are building advocacy coalitions
as a way of strengthening their survival skills.
This article reports on a case study of the factors
associated with maintaining an advocacy coalition.
The survival of a coalition appears to depend on
whether it can insure its member organizations of
the payoffs from committing their resources for
advocacy purposes.
Human service organizations are operating in a
cost-cutting environment. The need to strengthen
organizational survival skills is becoming apparent
as more cut-back legislation, such as -Gramm
Rudman, is passed. Consequently, organizations
are sharing perceptions, actively organizing, and
building cohesive structures. They are building
coalitions in order to strengthen their survival
skills. Coalitions provide a mechanism through
which very separate and diverse organizations can
cooperate and work together around a common goal.
Yet, each organization can     maintain its own
identity and autonomy.
Several definitions of coalitions have been
suggested in the literature (see Gamson, 1961;
Kelley, 1968; Groennings, Kelley and Leiserson,
1970; and Boissevain, 1974).  Kelley's (1968, pp.
62-63) definition is probably the most useful in
understanding the behavior of a coalition. He
defines a coalition as a group of organizational
actors who: 1) agree to pursue a common and


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