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6 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 1 (1969)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd6 and id is 1 raw text is: 









Journal of Research in Crime and 1)elinquency
VOLUME 6                   JANUARY 1969                     NUMBER 1







   Relative Occupational Anticipations and

          Aspirations of Delinquents and

                      Nondelinquents*
                          MARCEL  A. FREDERICKS
      Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Loyola University of Chicago
               Ph.D. (Medical Sociology), 1965, Loyola University
                             MARTIN 'MOLNAR
           Chief Librarian, Loyola University-Rome Center, Rome, Italy
                   M.A. (Sociology), 1968, Loyola University

         This study examines the levels of occupational aspirations and
       anticipations of a group of delinquent and nondelinquent boys
       in relation to their fathers' occupation. The two groups were
       controlled in respect to sex (only boys), age (only seventeen-
       year-olds), race (only whites and Negroes), and social class. The
       delinquent sample comprised sixty-one boys confined to a mid-
       western training school. The control was made up  of seventy
       boys from upper  working-class and lower middle-class neighbor-
       hoods in the Chicago area.
          The study findings include the following: (1) Almost three of
       every four nondelinquents anticipate higher occupations than
       those of their fathers; (2) Negro delinquents hope to obtain
       occupations above the level of their fathers; and (3) Negro boys
       appear  to be most  motivated to rise above the occupational
       levels of their fathers. However, so far as relative goal discrepan-
       cy is concerned, the lower-class Negro in the sample study reflects
       the lowest degree of confidence.


  D  URING RECENT  YEARS, there have   of the relationship between  delin-
      been  several interesting studies quency and such variables as social
   ' Dr. Fredericks wishes to acknowledge the the Health Service Research Training Com-
   Public Health Service Fellowship granted by  mittee, which greatly facilitated the presen-
                                     1

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