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55 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd55 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Article


Weapons, Body

Postures, and the

Quest for Dominance

in   Robberies:

A   Qualitative Analysis

of   Video Footage


  journal of Research in Crime and
                Delinquency
          2018, Vol. 55(1) 3-26
          @ The Author(s) 2018
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  DOI: 10.1177/0022427817706525
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              OSAGE


Floris  Mosselman', Don Weenink',
and  Marie   Rosenkrantz Lindegaard2





Abstract
Objective: A small-scale exploration of the use of video analysis to study
robberies. We analyze the use of weapons as part of the body posturing of
robbers as they attempt to attain dominance. Methods: Qualitative analyses
of video footage of 23 shop robberies. We used Observer XT software
(version I2) for fine-grained multimodal coding, capturing diverse bodily
behavior by various actors simultaneously. We also constructed story lines
to understand the robberies as hermeneutic whole cases. Results: Robbers
attain dominance by using weapons that afford aggrandizing posturing and
forward movements.  Guns rather than knives seemed to fit more easily
with such posturing. Also, victims were more likely to show minimizing



Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
2 Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Amsterdam, the
Netherlands

Corresponding Author:
Don Weenink, Universiteit van Amsterdam, PO Box 15508, 1001 NA Amsterdam, the
Netherlands.
Email: d.weenink@uva.nl

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