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53 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd53 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                                                 journal of Research in Crime and
                                                         2016, Vol. 53(1) 3-35
                                                         @ The Author(s) 2015
                                                       Reprints and permission:
utco             es   an                       sagepub.com/journalsPerissions.nav
                                                 DOI: 10.1177/0022427815592452
the     Life-Course                                          rc.sagepub.com

Penalties of Parental


Daniel P. Mears' and Sonja E. Siennick'

Objectives: The transition to adulthood can be challenging, especially for
children of incarcerated parents. Drawing on reentry and life-course scho-
larship, we argue that parental incarceration may adversely affect multiple
life outcomes for children as they progress from adolescence into adult-
hood  and that such effects may persist from early young adulthood into late
young  adulthood.  Methods: The  study  uses propensity score  matching
analyses of National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data  (N =
I 2,844). Results: Analyses identified harmful effects of parental incarceration
on many  life domains, including criminal behavior, mental health, illegal drug
use, education, earnings, and intimate relationships. These effects typically
surfaced by early young adulthood and continued into late young adulthood.
Conclusions: The results suggest that parental incarceration constitutes a sig-
nificant turning point in the lives of young people and underscore the impor-
tance of life-course perspectives for understanding incarceration effects.

College of Criminology and Criminal justice, Florida State University, Eppes Hall, Tallahassee,

Corresponding Author:
Daniel P. Mears, College of Criminology and Criminal justice, Florida State University, 112
South Copeland Street, Eppes Hall, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA.
Email: dmears@fsu.edu

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