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5 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 1 (1968)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd5 and id is 1 raw text is: 








.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
VOLUME 5                     JANUARY 1968                      NUMBER 1





               Staff-Inmate Collaboration*

           A   Study of Critical Incidents and

   Consequences in the Silverlake Experiment

                             LAMAR   T. EMPEY
 Chairman, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, and Senior Research Associate,
              Youth Studies Center, University of Southern California
              Ph.D.  (Sociology), 1955, Washington State University

                            GEORGE  E. NEWLAND
     Research Assistant, Youth Studies Center, University of Southern California
                 A.A. (Sociology), 1967, Los Angeles City College

         This paper  utilizes critical incident data to analyze explora-
       tory attempts to increase inmate-staff collaboration in a commu-
       nity delinquency  experiment.  Analyses indicated that (1) in-
       mates and  staff liberally shared information regarding problem
       behavior; (2) the majority of incidents were precipitated by only
       a minority of persistently deviant persons; and (3) the emergent
       program  culture  was increasingly effective as a social-control
       mechanism.  However,  this institutional culture or code may have
       been overly punitive and  restrictive. Discussion of the complex
       pressures which led to this situation highlight the consequences
       of individual and systemic interaction.


E  VER PRESENT  in correctional orga-
    nizations  is  the  problem   of

  *The  research of which this paper is a
part is financed by the Rosenberg Founda-
tion, the Ford Foundation, and the Boys
Republic, Chino, Calif. Western Data Proc-
essing Center, University of California at
Los Angeles, provided computer time and
facilities without cost. Grateful acknowledg-
ment is expressed to all four. Appreciation
is also expressed to Malcolm IV. Klein, Steven
G. Lubeck, and Robert D. Vlinter for their
review of and comments on this article.


finding ways to establish effective col-
laboration between  staff and offend-
ers. Legally, staff members are vested
with complete  authority and ostensi-
bly  retain power   over all  inmate
conduct; but  this is a myth. Juxta-
posed  with the  official organization
of the  prison, says Schrag, is an
unofficial social system  originating
within the institution and regulating
inmate  conduct with respect to focal
issues, such as length of sentence, rela-

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