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49 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd49 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Article


                                                journal of Research in Crime and
                                                               Delinquency
                                                               49(I) 3-30
The      Conditional                                   KTheAuthor(s)2012
                                                      Reprints and permission:
Effects        of   Race      and             sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                DOI: 10.1 1177/0022427810393020
Politics        on    Social                           http://jrcd.sagepub.com

Control: Black                                               OGE

Violent Crime

Arrests in Large

Cities, 1970 to 1990


Thomas D. Stucky'




Abstract
Numerous   studies of the determinants of formal social control of Blacks
focus on racial threat arguments, which contain implicit or explicit political
elements. Using insights from research on politics and social control more
generally, this article argues that the relationship between variation in the
racial composition of a city and social control of minorities will be conditional
on characteristics of the local political system. Hypotheses are tested using
pooled  cross-sectional time-series data on 100 large U.S. cities in 1 970,
i980, and i990. Contrary to expectations, Black violent crime arrest rates are
curvilinearly negatively associated with larger percentages of Black residents.
As predicted, the relationship between the percentage of Black residents and
Black violent crime arrest rates is conditional on city political system charac-
teristics (elected mayors, district council elections, and partisan ballots), the
race of the mayor, and the percentage of city council members who are Black.



'School of Public & Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Purdue University, Indianapolis

Corresponding Author:
Thomas D. Stucky, Business/SPEA Room 4069, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Email:tstucky@iupui.edu

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