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48 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2011)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd48 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Introduction


                                                 journal of Research in Crime and
                                                                Delinquency
                                                                48(I) 3-6
From        the      Editor                             @ The Author(s) 2011
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                                                 DOI: 10.1177/0022427810396680
                                                        http://jrcd.sagepub.com
                                                              OSAGE


This  special issue of Journal of Research   in Crime  and Delinquency
(JRCD)  presents an  important collection of papers on crime and  place.
Since the introduction of this perspective in Crime and Place, volume 4
in Crime Prevention  Studies (Eck and Weisburd   1995), researchers have
applied increasingly powerful tools of spatial analysis to test criminological
theory and assess crime prevention initiatives. The crime and place perspec-
tive is both more abstract and practical than traditional approaches to under-
standing crime.  While people  provide a  natural unit of analysis, what
constitutes a place is abstract, providing more opportunities to customize
measures and data collection. At the same time place-based analysis is more
useful in preventing crime, as articles in this special issue demonstrate.
   JRCD   has  always  specialized in publishing theory-based  empirical
research. That continues to be the case with this special issue. However arti-
cles here draw more on opportunity-based theories than what is sometimes
called propensity-based theory. Researchers in this special issue focus on
how  crime is done, and the role of place in providing or thwarting opportu-
nities for crime. Although this approach will be unfamiliar to many readers,
it is central to environmental criminology that examines how place affects
crime.
   This is the first special issue of JRCD in several years. The topic was pro-
posed  by the guest editors who  solicited contributions from individual
authors and issued a general call-for-papers. I am very grateful to George
Rengert, Elizabeth Groff, and John Eck  for developing the special issue,
assembling these papers, and for managing the review process. All papers
were read by outside referees. Some papers were  submitted to the special
issue but not accepted for publication. I am also grateful to the authors for
doing  the research that appears here  and for persisting with revisions
through the review process.
                                                         Mike  Maxfield
                         John  Jay College of Criminal Justice, NY, USA

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