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47 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd47 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Article
                                                journal of Research in Crime and
                                                              Delinquency
Com munity Variations                                          47(1) 3-30
                                                        @The Author(s) 2010
in  Violence: The           Role     of       Reprints and permission: http://www.
                                              sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
Social Ties and           Collective            DOI: 10.1177/0022427809348898
                                                        http://jrc.sagepub.comn
Efficacy in Comparative                                      OSAGE

Context



Lorraine Mazerolle', Rebecca Wickes',
and  James McBroom2



Abstract
This article explores the relative roles of social ties and collective efficacy
in explaining community  variations in violent victimization in Australia.
Using data from a survey of 2,859 residents across 82 communities in the
city of Brisbane, coupled with official reported crime data provided by
the Queensland  Police Service and Australian Bureau of Statistics census
data for 2001,the authors employ  multilevel statistical models to depict
the relative importance of social ties and collective efficacy in predicting
between-neighborhood violent victimization   in an Australian context.
The  models  include measures  of social relationships and community-
based crime prevention programs, and the authors compare  and contrast
their findings with studies of collective efficacy in Chicago and Stockholm,
finding similar results.These findings suggest that despite structural and
cultural differences between the United States and Australia in particular,
collective efficacy is a significant mechanism in explaining the spatial
distribution of self-reported violent  victimization in the Australian
context. This research  underscores  the importance   of cross-cultural

'University of Queensland, BrisbaneAustralia
2Griffith University, BrisbaneAustralia
Corresponding Author:
Lorraine Mazerolle, University of Queensland, St Lucia Campus, Institute for Social Science
Research, GPN3, Room 437, BrisbaneAustralia 4072
Email: I.mazerolle@uq.edu.au

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