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45 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 4 (2008)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd45 and id is 1 raw text is: 







Criminal MobilityPuliaton

and Criminal AchievementrciCm

Carlo Morsellilinec
Marie-Nodle   Royer
Universitti de Mon trial


   This study examines the impact of criminal mobility on criminal earning pat-
   terns in a sample of incarcerated offenders who reported their criminal expe-
   nences over a three-year period. Criminal mobility is indicated by an
   individual's offending perimeter and not the traditional journey-to-crime
   measure. Findings reveal that the offending perimeter length is a factor of
   criminal achievement in that mobile offenders reported higher financial earn-
   ings from crime than immobile offenders. Greater distances traveled for
   crime were also generally associated with higher criminal earnings, but this
   was more salient for predatory offenders than market offenders.

   Keywords:  spatial mobiity; social network; criminal achievement


O    ffenders either commit crime while in travel or travel to commit crime.
     The former is consistent wit a routine activity approach to crime,
whereas the latter is consistent with a rational choice or purposive action
premise. Research on criminal mobility provides evidence for both, but the
routine activity explanation appears to be the theory of choice for most
researchers. The term, criminal mobility, refers to distances traveled by
offenders to commit their crimes. Studies in this area have focused either
on the movement   of aggregate groups of offenders within, beyond, and
between geographical territories or on the journey-to-crime distances that
offenders pursue between their place of residence and the location of a
crime. A recurrent finding in such research is that offenders travel relatively
short distances when committing their crimes. We ask whether travel serves
any useful purpose for offenders. By doing so, we verify Felson's (2006)
strategic foraging claim that some offenders will forage in patches some-
what farther away if additional booty makes it worth their while (p. 265).
Our assessment is conducted within a criminal achievement framework and

Authors' Note: An earlier version of this article was presented at the 14th Annual
Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis Meetingi Chilliwack, Canada.

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