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44 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (2007)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd44 and id is 1 raw text is: 





                                                               VI~m 4 i 4 Number 1
                                                                  Ferar'007 3-35
How       Drug       Treatm        ent                     © 2007 Sage Pubications

Courts Work

An   Analysis of Mediators                                 ht,:oine.sagepubcom


Denise  C. Gottfredson
Brook  W.  Kearley
Stacy  S. Najaka
Carlos  M.  Rocha
University of Maryland,  College Park



   This study examines program elements related to reductions in drug use and
   crime among Drug Treatment Courts (DTC) participants as well as theoretical
   mechanisms-increased  social controls and improved perceptions of proce-
   dural justice-expected to mediate the effects of DTC on these outcomes. Data
   are from 157 research participants interviewed three years following random-
   ization into treatment and control conditions in the evaluation of the Baltimore
   City DTC.  Findings indicate that perceptions of procedural justice reduce
   crime and that social controls reduce drug use. Hearings attended, drug testing,
   and drug treatment reduce drug use. Participation in the DTC increases the
   number of judicial hearings attended, which directly reduces drug use and indi-
   rectly reduces crime by  increasing perceptions of procedural justice.
   Participation in the DTC increases social controls both directly and indirectly
   by increasing the duration of drug treatment. These increased perceptions of
   social control reduce drug use. Implications for DTC's are discussed.

   Keywords:  drug treatment courts; randomized experiment; mediating effects




D rug treatment courts (DTCs) were first developed in the late   1980s  in
     response  to a justice system overburdened  by  drug crimes. Various
social and political forces during that time (most important the crack cocaine
epidemic and the subsequent war on drugs) created an environment in which
court dockets were  overwhelmed   by drug cases and prisons were  filled to
capacity with  drug offenders (Belenko  1993;  Controlled Substances  Act
1988; McColl   1996). Practitioners and reformers, impressed with positive
results found in the drug treatment literature (Anglin and Hser 1990; Collins

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