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4 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 1 (1967)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd4 and id is 1 raw text is: 












Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency


VOLUME 4


JANUARY 1967


NUMBER I


Introduction*


  JAMES F. SHORT, JR.


T   HIS ISSUE BRINGS TOGETHER a num-
    ber of articles on juvenile gangs
and  gang  delinquency. The  focus is
not new, either for social scientists or
for the general public. It seems clear,
however,  that there are many  unre-
solved descriptive problems concern-
ing  facts our theories must fit, to
adopt Albert Cohen's felicitous phras-
ing,  and  that  our  theorizing has
outrun  the basic data  necessary for
testing and  modification of  theory,
both for improvement  of the body of
knowledge  and  for intelligent appli-
cation of this knowledge in the form
of social policy.
  When   David Twain   first asked me
to edit this issue of the Journal, we
discussed the focus  it should have.
Should  it be theoretical or empirical,
or both?  Several excellent contribu-
tions of theoretical and empirical sig-
nificance have been  made  in recent
years. In the end we decided to assess
the status of current theoretical con-
troversies and   relevant  empirical
efforts and then focus on newly emerg-
ing empirical studies.
  * My special thanks to David Twain, who
first approached me concerning this special
Journal of Research in Crime and Delin-
quency issue and who helped in numerous
ways to bring it about, and to Mrs. Nada
Beth Glick, director of the Information
Center on Crime and Delinquency, for her
patience in dealing with its many problems.
                                     I


  Articles by Dale G. Hardman   and
LaMar   T.  Empey   begin  the issue.
Both  place the study  of delinquent
gangs in historical and analytic per-
spective-Hardman mostly through
historical  analysis   and    Empey
through discussion of controversial is-
sues  and  lacunae in  the  body  of
knowledge. The  picture that emerges
is more complex  than the theoretical
models  suggest, closer to reality, cer-
tainly more closely related to the gen-
eral body of behavioral science, and
more likely to be cumulative.
  Muzafer  and  Carolyn  Sherif con-
tribute the third article, Group Proc-
esses and  Collective Interaction in
Delinquent  Activities. Their  own
vast  research experience   and  ac-
quaintance with  the work  of others
enable them  to address such  funda-
mental problems  as the nature of and
reasons for group formation and col-
lective interaction, the significance of
adolescent reference groups, and the
impact  of societal and cultural set-
tings on groups.
  Following  these  survey-type arti-
cles, papers from three recent theoret-
ically based research  programs  ad-
dress a variety of important   issues
which have emerged  from the work of
Cohen,     Miller,2  Cloward    and
  I Albert K. Cohen, Delinquent Boys (Glen-
coe: Free Press, 1955).

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