About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

33 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 5 (1996)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd33 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                    THE SECOND GENERATION OF
                    AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE

                                JAMES 0. FINCKENAUER
                                     WILLIAM S. LAUFER



   The scholarly foundation for the academic field of criminal justiceis really
no more  than two generations old (see Rock 1994; Johnson 1988; Jones
1986). Unfortunately, many of the first generation are all but forgotten-
MacDonald,  Mosby,  Henderson, Hooton, Parmelee, Teeters, Woods, Von
Hentig, Tappan, Burgess, Thrasher, and Taft. Most of these psychologists,
sociologists, and law scholars were well known in their day. They were
acclaimed professors, researchers, judges, and former police chiefs-all
students of crime, criminals, and the system of criminal justice. As we
approach the 21st century, it is increasingly rare that their work is still
excerpted-usually in compilations of classical criminology readings with
such European pioneers as Lombroso, Ferri, Garofalo, and Tarde. Only a few
of the first-generation American scholars, such as Sutherland and Sellin,
continue to stand out as intellectual pillars. Their brilliance laid much of the
foundation for a field of study that would soon become an academic field
after moving into its second and defining generation.
   By Edwin H. Sutherland's death on October 11, 1950, graduate criminol-
ogy programs  were active at universities and colleges around the United
States, including the Universities of Chicago, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania,
Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Maryland, as well as Ohio State
University and New York University. Many of the same journals that define
our field today, such as the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, The
Howard  Journal, The Prison Journal, and Crime and Delinquency,' were
reporting on many of the very controversies that move current scholars. As
secretary general of the International Penal and Penitentiary Commission, the
University of Pennsylvania's Thorsten Sellin (1950) called for a greater
consideration of international and comparative criminology. University of
California, Berkeley, Professor (and former Police Chief of Wichita, Kansas)
0. W. Wilson (1950) raised questions about delinquency-reporting practices.
Professor Marshall Clinard (1951) of the University of Wisconsin promoted
the wisdom of criminal career research and discussed concerns with individual-

JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY, Vol. 33 No. 1, February 1996 5-15
@ 1996 Sage Publications, Inc.
                                                                   5


from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 3,000 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most