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32 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (1995)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd32 and id is 1 raw text is: 



                        BRINGING BOOZE BACK IN:

                      THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN

                              ALCOHOL AND HOMICIDE

                                     ROBERT NASH PARKER



Although there has been a great deal of theoretical and empirical research on the
causes and distribution of homicide during the past 30 years, almost all of this
research has excluded from consideration the relationship between homicide and
alcohol consumption. Based on theoretical analysis, a U.S. state-level study was
conducted to test hypotheses concerning the relationship between alcohol and homi-
cide from four major theoretical perspectives; specific predictions based on previous
research on the causes oftypes ofhomicide were also derived. Five types ofhomicide
rates were examined, with findings revealing that alcohol consumption rates change
the way important predictors such as poverty and deterrence are related to specific
types of homicide. Alcohol consumption has important direct net effects on two types
of primary homicide, and alcohol regulation was found to interact with other forms
of social control like capital punishment. Support was also found for a rational
choice-based interaction between alcohol consumption and the application of death
sentences. The article concludes with a discussion of the value of theoretical analysis,
particularly when applied to the prediction of interactions.


   In his landmark  study of the social and behavioral aspects of homicide,
Marvin  Wolfgang   (1958) reported that 64%  of the homicide offenders  and
victims he studied had been drinking alcohol. Thirty years later, Wolfgang's
(1958) research, which acknowledges   the important role of alcohol in violent
behavior, is still being cited as exemplary (National Committee  for Injury

   I would like to thank Judy Gerson, Cecilia L. Ridgeway, Harold Holder, Robert Saltz, Joel
Grube, Paul Gruenewald, Michael Hennessy, Robin Room, Andrew Treno, Constance Weisner,
Jocelyn Alexander, and three JRCD reviewers for their comments on earlier versions of this
article, and the office staff of the Prevention Research Center for their technical support and good
humor. Support for this research was provided by training grant #T32-AA07240 and a center
grant, #AA-06282, both from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The
NIAAA  does not necessarily endorse the analyses and conclusions herein, which remain the
responsibility of the author.

JOURNAL OF RESEARCH  IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY, Vol. 32 No. 1, February 1995 3-38
Q 1995 Sage Publications, Inc.
                                                                          3


from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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