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31 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (1994)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd31 and id is 1 raw text is: 



                            COPS IN THE CLASSROOM:

                    A   LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION
                        OF   DRUG ABUSE RESISTANCE

                                        EDUCATION (DARE)

                                     DENNIS P. ROSENBAUM
                                   ROBERT L. FLEWELLING
                                             SUSAN L. BAILEY
                                         CHRIS L. RINGWALT
                                     DEANNA L. WILKINSON



Although aggressive enforcement programs have been the backbone of our national
drug control policy, school-based drug education has been widely praised as the most
promising strategy for achieving long-term reductions in the demand for drugs and
alcohol. Employing specially trained police officers in the classroom, Project DARE
has becomeAmerica  s most popular and prevalent drug education program. Despite
this status, the effectiveness of the program has yet to be demonstrated. A longitudinal
randomized experiment was conducted with 1,584 students to estimate the effects of
DARE   on their attitudes, beliefs, and drug use behaviors in the year following
exposure to the program. DARE had no statistically significant main effects on drug
use behaviors and had few effects on attitudes or beliefs about drugs. However
significant interactions between DARE and other factors (e.g., metropolitan status)
suggest that some program effects varied across subgroups of the target population.
This research provides a test of the comprehensive model of school-based prevention
and helps to identify possible differential effects of this drug education initiative.


   National public opinion surveys in the late 1980s consistently identified
drugs as the most important problem facing this country today (Bezilla and
Gallup  1990). Despite recent changes in public opinion and debates about

   This research was supported by grants from the Illinois State Police and the National Institute
of Drug Abuse. The opinions expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent
the official positions of the funding agencies. Correspondence should be directed to Dr. Dennis P.
Rosenbaum, Director, Center for Research in Law and Justice, M/C 222, University of Illinois at
Chicago, Box 4348, Chicago, IL 60680, 312-996-4632. We want to express our gratitude to the
superintendents, principals, teachers, parents, and students who worked with us to make this project
possible.

JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY, Vol. 31 No. 1, February 1994 3-31
@ 1994 Sage Publications, Inc.
                                                                         3


from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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