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30 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 3 (1993)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd30 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                            EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION

   With this issue, we begin publication of Volume 30 of the journal. We plan
to celebrate this landmark in several ways over the coming year. First, the
new  editorial board begins its term with this issue. We look forward to their
participation in shaping the journal in the coming years. And we thank those
who  served as consulting editors and editorial advisors over the past decade.
We  also are pleased to welcome Candace McCoy   as an associate editor of
the journal.
   Second, we will conclude Volume 30 with a symposium issue in Novem-
ber titled The Future ofResearch in Crime and Delinquency. We have invited
essays from  five distinguished scholars discussing current directions of
theory and research. We have asked them to comment  on the contributions
of research to the prevention and control of crime and delinquency, develop
a research and theoretical agenda for the coming decade, and suggest an
infrastructure to support and implement this agenda. We also will publish
commentaries  on the essays from members of our editorial board and other
   Third, the articles and commentary in this issue make important contribu-
tions that help launch this special year for the journal. A General Theory of
Crime  (Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990) has generated important debate (see
Barlow  1991; Akers 1991) but little empirical research. The two empirical
tests in this issue begin the process of specification, elaboration, and modi-
fication of this theory. These articles also illustrate the diversity of method
and crime problems that will be part of the empirical literature in this debate.
Grasmick,  Tittle, Bursik, and Arneklev analyze data from a general popula-
tion survey and find that self-control interacts with criminal opportunity to
predict measures of crimes. Keane, Maxim, and Teevan analyzed data from
a roadside survey to show that self-control predicts driving under the influ-
ence of alcohol. These studies raise the delicate question of self-control as
an enduring personality trait or predisposition and the precise role of criminal
opportunity in the specification of the theory. In their commentary on these
articles, Hirschi and Gottfredson remind us that self-control is not the holy
grail of an enduring personality trait predisposing people toward crime. They
restate the importance of separating the act and the actor and acknowledge
the mediating effects of opportunities and other situational constraints.
@ 1993 Sage Publications, Inc.

from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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