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3 J. Res. Crime & Delinquency 1 (1966)

handle is hein.journals/jrcd3 and id is 1 raw text is: 










The Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

  VOLUME 3                     JANUARY 1966                      NUMBER 1





  A   Reformulation of Sutherland's Differential

           Association Theory and a Strategy

                 for   Empirical Verification*

                             MELVIN  L. DE  FLEUR
                    Professor of Sociology, University of Kentucky
        Assistant Professor, 1957-62, Associate Professor, 1962-63, Indiana University
          B.S. (Psychology), 1949, St. Louis University; M.S. (Psychology), 1952,
                  Ph.D. (Sociology), 1954, University of Washington
                               RICHARD  QUINNEY
           Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, New York University
           Instructor, St. Lawrence University, 1960-62; Assistant Professor,
                          University of Kentucky, 1962-65
        B.A. (Sociology, Psychology), 1956, Carroll College; M.A. (Sociology), 1957,
        Northwestern University; Ph.D. (Sociology), 1962, University of Wisconsin

           Relatively few of the many theories developed by sociologists
         have  been stated in other than verbal symbols. Although the
         supposed advantages of more rigorous formalizations have been
         discussed at length, many sociologists maintain that the assertion
         by mathematical model-builders that their approach will actually
         advance  thinking in substantive areas of sociology still remains
         to be demonstrated.  The present paper is an attempt to show
         some  of the ways in which this approach can yield new insights
         into old theories. First, Sutherland's widely used formulation
         in criminology is translated into set theory statements. Then,
         the value of this translation is shown by developing a set of
         underlying postulates from which the nine major  propositions
         of the theory can be formally derived. Finally, additional propo-
         sitions are shown to follow as logical consequences of the re-
         formulated theory in such a way that a strategy for its empirical
         verification is obtained.


Q   NE OF  THE MOST SIGNIFICANT TRENDS   of explanatory systems. Philosophers of
     in contemporary sociological theory science, long preoccupied with explana-
is the increasing attention being given tion, prediction, and theory construction
to problems related to the formalization in the physical sciences, have turned
                                      I

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