19 J. Psychiatry & L. 79 (1991)
A Profile of Mentally Ill Offenders and Their Adjustment in the Community

handle is hein.journals/jpsych19 and id is 85 raw text is: The Journal of Psychiatry and Law/Spring-Summer 1991

A profile of mentally ill
offenders and their adjustment
in the community
BY LYNETTE FEDER, PH.D.
The research focuses on a little-studied group of mentally
disordered offenders: inmates requiring psychiatric hospitalization
during imprisonment. Information is provided on the pre-prison
and prison histories of all male mentally ill offenders (MIOs)
released during a 13-month period (N = 150) and followed for 18
months in the community. Results indicate that MIOs displayed a
marginal existence prior to their incarceration, with the vast
majority having had a prior criminal andlor psychiatric contact.
Problems in both domains continued upon release into the
community. Byfollowup's end, 48% required at least one
psychiatric commitment, and 64% experienced at least one
rearrest. Multiple regression indicated that recidivism among MIOs
was associated with standard criminological variables: age and
prior criminal record. These findings are then compared with
research on other mentally disordered offender groups.
AUTHOR'S NOTE: This research was supported by NIJ Doctoral Grant
#86-IJ-CX-0073. I am indebted to the people of the New York Office of
Mental Health, Department of Correctional Services, Division of Parole
and Division of Criminal Justice Services, for providing me with access to
these data. I would also like to thank Dr. Hans Toch and Dr. Ken Adams
for allowing me to build off of their research. Finally, I am very grateful
for the helpful comments made on previous drafts by Dr. Ellen Steury, Dr.
Ron Jemelka and Dr. David Griswoold.

0 1992 by Federal Legal Publications, Inc.

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