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26 J. Pat. Off. Soc'y 623 (1944)
Enemy Patents Seized at the Outbreak of War Are Now Serving American Licensees

handle is hein.journals/jpatos26 and id is 623 raw text is: September, 1944, Vol. XXVI, No. 9                           623
Enemy Patents Seized at the Outbreak of War Are Now
Serving American Licensees*
By WALDEMAR KAEMPFPERT
(Reprinted from The New York Times, July 2, 1944.)
Soon after war was declared on tile Axis powers 45,000 enemy
patents were seized, whereupon the Alien Property Custodian
made arrangements for the granting of non-exclusive licenses
to make the most of them.
Reports from nearly 100 licensees reveal that 56 per cent of
the patents licensed to them in 1.943 are the subject of research,
21 per cent are in actual production, 11 per cent are not yet being
exploited, 8 per cent are serving as protection against infringe-
ment and 4 per cent are being held for post-war use.
Of the 1,794 different patents licensed as of Dec. 31, 1943, 490,
or 27 per cent, had been limited to strictly chemical fields. Taking
the so-called process industries as a whole, there were 605 such
patents, or 32 per cent of the total. Over 2,200 additional pat-.
ents have been licensed in 1944, and it is believed that the chemi-
cal patents still lead by a substantial margin.
The Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society volun-
teered for the enormous task of abstracting the chemical patents.
Every one was studied and abstracted by a chemist for chemists.
The committee had about 250 volunteer abstractors, working
under a chairman and nine vice chairmen. Next, the Science-
Technology group of the Special Libraries Association volun-
teered to classify the abstracts and compile a detailed subject
index. Thirty-three sections in convenient pamphlet form, in-
cluding a master index, are in process of publication, of which
nearly thirty are now ready. The Chicago office of the Custodian
sells these for $1 each postpaid, or $25 for the complete set.
Abstracted by Industries
Industry has also deemed it worth while to abstract the seized
patents in selected fields. The American Paper and Pulp Asso-
ciation has done this for the pulp and paper patents, the Na-
tional Paint, Varnish and Lacquer Association ]or the patents
in its field. The glass patents have been abstracted by the maga-
zine Glass Industry, the plastic patents by Modern Plastics and
the airplane patents by Manufacturers' Aircraft Association.
The April issue of the Printing E'quipment Engineer lists 273
vested patents on the graphic arts. Recent issues of The Con-
verter contain abstracts of patents on manufactures of paper.
The Universities of Washington and Oregon are preparing ab-
stracts of the wood utilization patents. Other organizations are
considering similar projects in their respective fields.  Thus,
abstracts of the seized patents in most fields of interest will

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