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9 J. Nat'l Sec. L. & Pol'y 81 (2017-2018)
Public Health Emergencies as Threats to National Security

handle is hein.journals/jnatselp9 and id is 86 raw text is: 

  Public Health Emergencies as Threats to National


            James  G.  Hodge,  Jr., JD, LLM*  &  Kim  Weidenaar,  JD**


   Protecting the nation  from  a diverse array of public  health threats remains  a
consummate objective of federal, state, and local governments. Achieving it is
no  simple  task. Threats  to the public's health  are multifarious, unpredictable,
and  downright  scary  in many  cases.  Media  coverage  of  gruesome   deaths from
naturally-occurring  diseases  like Ebola tap into Americans'   fears of dangerous,
deadly  conditions.'  Confirmed links between Zika virus and infant micro-
cephaly  (e.g., small skulls and impaired  brains), Guillain-Barre  Syndrome, and
other  disabling  conditions  shape  peoples'  perceptions  of  their own   risks of
infection.2 Legitimate   and  irrational fears are stoked  by  significant levels of
distrust of government   or industry.3 Virtually every  major  infectious disease or
bioterrorism  threat is coupled  with  loosely-based,  albeit well-publicized,  con-
spiracy theories. They  include  everything  from  devious  schemes  to thin minor-
ity populations   or stealth efforts to unleash   contaminants   on  an unknowing
populace   through  dangerous   vaccines,  genetically-altered mosquitos,   or other

  * Professor of Public Health Law and Ethics; Director, Public Health Law and Policy Program;
Director, Network for Public Health Law - Western Region Office, Sandra Day O'Connor College of
Law, Arizona State University (ASU). The authors would like to acknowledge the following individuals
with ASU's Public Health Law and Policy Program for their research and editing assistance: Sarah
Wetter, Senior Legal Researcher and J.D. Candidate (2017); Brenna Carpenter, Senior Legal Researcher
and J.D. Candidate (2017); and Matt Saria, Researcher and B.S. Candidate (2016). © 2017, James G.
Hodge, Jr., and Kim Weidenaar.
  ** Fellow, Public Health Law and Policy Program; Deputy Director, Network for Public Health
Law - Western Region Office, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, ASU.
  1. Corey H. Basch et al., Coverage of the Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic in Three Widely Circulated
U.S. Newspapers: Implications for Preparedness and Prevention, 4 HEALTH PROMOTION PERSP. 247
  2. Laura Beil, Women Who Brought Zika Fears Home With Them, N.Y. TIMES (Mar. 15, 2016),
  3. Katie Worth, As Brazil Confronts Zika, Vaccine Rumors Shape Perceptions, PBS (Feb. 16, 2016),
  4. Andrew Jacobs, Conspiracy Theories About Zika Spread Through Brazil With the Virus, N.Y.
TIMES (Feb. 17, 2016), http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/17/worldlamericas/conspiracy-theories-about-
zika-spread-along-with-the-virus.html (discussing conspiracy theories attributing the cause of Zika
virus to (1) an elitist plot to depopulate the earth and (2) genetically modified mosquitoes released to
combat dengue. Additional discussion focuses on the cause of increased microcephaly cases linking it
to vaccinations for chickenpox and rubella).


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