35 J. Nat'l Ass'n Admin. L. Judiciary 1 (2015)

handle is hein.journals/jnaa35 and id is 1 raw text is: 








Transparency in Administrative Courts: From the
Outside Looking In*

By Elizabeth Figueroa**


                    TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................... 3
II. W HAT IS TRANSPARENCY? ........................................................ 6
III. REASONS FOR TRANSPARENCY IN GOVERNMENT ....................... 8
IV. THE EVOLUTION OF TRANSPARENCY IN GOVERNMENT ............... 11
V. THE CURRENT ITERATION OF TRANSPARENCY IN
   G OVERNM ENT ........................................................................... 13
VI. How TRANSPARENCY IN GOVERNMENT IS MEASURED ............... 15
  A. Non-Government Organizations' Checklists ..................... 15
  B. Government Transparency Initiatives and Their Measure .... 21
VII. TRANSPARENCY IN THE COURTS ............................................ 26
  A. The Meaning of Transparency in the Courts ..................... 26
  B. Reasons for Transparency in the Courts ............................ 27
  C. Concerns About Transparency in the Courts ..................... 30
  D. Intersection ofAccess to Justice and Court Transparency .... 32
  E. Transparency in Courts Outside the United States ............ 33
  F. Public Information that Courts Currently Provide ............ 36
  G. Transparency in Federal Courts ........................................ 37
  H.  Transparency in State Courts ............................................. 40
  I. Administrative Courts' Online Transparency .................... 45
VIII. ADMINISTRATIVE COURTS IMPACTED BY ADMINISTRATIVE
     AGENCY TRANSPARENCY  ...................................................... 45
IX. PROPOSED TRANSPARENCY CHECKLISTS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE
   C OURTS .................................................................................... 46
X. POLICY AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS BEFORE LAUNCHING
   TRANSPARENCY  INITIATIVES .................................................... 55

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