About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

50 J. Mar. L. & Com. 1 (2019)
Cyber Security in the Maritime Sector

handle is hein.journals/jmlc50 and id is 7 raw text is: 

Journal of Maritime Law & Commerce, Vol. 50, No. 1, January 2019

   Cyber Security In The Maritime Sector

                          Oliver Daum*

This article focuses on the cyber domain of the maritime sector. In
doing so  it provides an overview of relevant IT structures of the
maritime industry. On the basis of recent examples, it explains how
hackers  gain  access  to IT  systems. The  current  state of the
international  law  of  cyber  security, mainly  shaped   by  the
International Maritime   Organization,  is elaborated  upon   and
critically examined. Finally, the article ends with an outlook and
refers to the scenario of lacking cyber security measures and how
this might have an impact on unmanned   shipping.


   Cyber-attacks  are an unwanted   side effect of internet-based
technology. On  the one hand  the benefits of using of the Internet
are  inevitable. The advantages   include the  simplification and
acceleration of communication  and work processes, and further the
Internet contributes to maritime  security.' On the other hand-
which   is specifically true regarding the  so-called Internet-of-
Things-users   of online  services expose themselves  to the risks
and  threats of cyber-attacks. From  the perspective of a hacker,
cyber-attacks offer the advantage of low personnel costs, although

    *Oliver Daum wrote his Ph.D. in the field of the international law of the sea and the
law of naval warfare and is a shipping lawyer at Cyrus Makowski Lawyers Germany
LLP in Hamburg.
    'Cf. on maritime cyber security issues, Kelly Mosteller, Legal Questions Arising
from Maritime Security Considerations in the Energy and Cyber Domains, June 2014,
available at: http://www.cjoscoe.org/projects/programmeofworkitems.html; Sean Fahey,
Combating cyber fatigue in the Maritime Domain, December 2017, available at:


What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most