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46 J. Mar. L. & Com. 83 (2015)
Grave Robbers or Archaeologists: Salvaging Shipwrecks

handle is hein.journals/jmlc46 and id is 85 raw text is: 

Journal of Maritime Law &  Commerce, Vol. 46, No. 1, January, 2015

           Grave Robbers or Archaeologists?

                      Salvaging Shipwrecks

                           Renee   Elisabeth Torpy*


   In the ancient world,  land travel was difficult and slow.' Therefore, water
was  used  to  move  almost   everything  of value.2 It is known   that ancient
Egyptians  went  to sea.' Since ships have sailed, there have been  wrecks  and
ships have  sunk. There  is no way to calculate how  many  lives have been  lost
or how  many   seafarers found  rest in underwater graves.
   The  deep ocean  is the largest museum  on Earth, said Dr. Robert  Ballard
of  The   University of Rhode Island's Institute for Archaeological
Oceanography.'   Dr. Ballard  went  on to explain that he thinks there's more
history in the deep  sea  than all the museums   in the  world combined.'   To
maritime   archaeologists, a shipwreck   is a time capsule.6  There  have  been
estimates  that there are over 3 million undiscovered  wrecks.7

   *Renee Torpy attended the University of Central Florida and continued her education at Barry Law
School where she earned her juris doctorate and a high honor certificate in trial advocacy. Currently she
is working at the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit Office of the Public Defender providing legal services to
indigent defendants charged with misdemeanor crimes.
   'Mark Wolverton, Secrets from the Seabed, (Spring 2007), http://www.sas.upenn.edulsasalum/
   'Cheryl Ward, Building Pharaoh's Ships: Cedar Incense and Sailing the Great Green, The British
Museum, (2012) http://www.britishmuseum.org/PDF/Ward.pdf
   'Dan Vergano, Titanic Explorer: Ancient Shipwrecks Lost to Trawlers, USA TODAY (Sept. 13, 2012,
1:26 PM),  http://usatoday30.usatoday.cominews/world/story/2012/09/13/ballard-team-discovers-
   'Part Three, Deep Sea Archeology, Public Broadcasting Service, http://www.pbs.org/saf/1207/
segments/1207-3.htm (last visited Apr. 6, 2013).
   'Wolverton, supra note 1.
   'UNESCOPRESS,  UNESCO  Urges the Americas to Join the Underwater Heritage Convention,
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (June, 12, 2002, 10:00PM),


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