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48 J.L. & Soc'y 1 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/jlsup48 and id is 1 raw text is: 















Journal of Law and Society                  Law College
Vol. XLVIII, No. 70                         University of Peshawar
                                            Jan 2017
  EVOLVING PARADIGM OF QUALITY STANDARDS IN
    THE   MULTILATERAL TRADING (WTO) SYSTEM:
  CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PAKISTAN

            Naeem  Ullah Khan' and Muhammad   Nadeem2

Abstract
WTO   is a fact of life which poses many challenges and opportunities for
developing countries in import and export sectors. WTO requires the
compliance  of  certain quality standards  to protect human   life,
environment  and health. In post WTO   time, segments of Pakistani
economy  especially industry, agriculture and services are progressively
facing various difficulties. One of the real difficulties for low income
nations towards gaining  the sustainable development is the lack of
capacity building to fuill the requirements of the universal purchasers.
Worldwide  purchasers  are progressively requesting compliance on
quality, security, environment and  social models. Consistence  to
universal and national standards advances productivity and competition
through global trade secures customers' privileges of wellbeing and
security and thus prompts the improvement of economy. Non fulfillment
of these requirements results as loss of business. It can be safely
concluded  that every country needs  to develop and  adopt quality
standards such as ISO 9000, ISO  14000, ISO 45000, and ISO  22000
which  is best for  its economic, social and  environmental needs.
Moreover,  there should be active people's participation, close public-
private NGOs partnership and there should be stress on training all the
key factors involved in quality management and product standards. In
the light of SPS and TBT Agreements Pakistan is required to upgrade its
legal and scientific mechanism to enhance its quality of goods relating to
agricultural, dairy, fisheries, and meat products. In case of non
compliance Pakistan may be looser in the global regime of multilateral
trading (WTO) system.

Key  Words:   WTO,  TBT, SPS, ISO


' Assistant Professor University Law College, University of the Punjab, Lahore
Pakistan. Email: naeemullahkhan786@gmail.com
2 Assistant Professor Law College, University of Peshawar,
Email: mnf@uop.edu.pk
                                 1

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