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47 J.L. & Soc'y 1 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/jlsup47 and id is 1 raw text is: 














Journal of Law and Society               Law College University of
Vol. XLVII, No. 68                       Peshawar, Jan 2016
AN   ANALYSIS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON
CIVIL   AND   POLITICAL RIGHTS MINIMUM STANDARDS
         AND  PAKISTAN ANTI-TERRORISM LAWS
                      Muhammad   Nadeem
                         Irshad Ahmad2
Abstract
Since many years, Pakistan is facing different challenges in the war
against terrorism and extremism. Many laws have also been enacted
to counter terrorism in these extraordinary circumstances. But every
time the implementation of these laws have posed  to be a more
serious challenge than their legislation. From constituting Special
courts to the military courts, every time there has been the fear of
human  rights violation from the country apex courts, civil society,
and other national and international human rights bodies. Pakistan
after ratifying the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights ICCPR)  is obliged to make its national laws compatible with
the Covenant.  This paper  illustrates the Anti-terrorism laws of
Pakistan  violating the principle of the ICCPR   with a  set of
recommendation  to make them compatible. A very brief history has
been discussed with the core issues at the time of their legislation
and  enactment.  This paper  aims to  spotlight the incompatible
portions of Pakistan  counter-terrorism regime on  the index of
Pakistan international obligation under the ICCPR.
Keywords:   Covenant  on Civil and  Political Rights, war against
terrorism, counter-terrorism, anti-terrorism.
Introduction
On  December  10th 1948, the United Nation General Assembly in its
meeting  in Paris passed  the resolution adopting the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).  In this meeting more than 50
member  states participated, none of them dissenting. UDHR chalked
out universal and equal rights for all the inhabitants of the world,
without any discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, caste,
region, color etc. The UDHR is considered to be the most consented
document  in the history of modern world. Pakistan was also among
the first member states that voted in the favour of UDHR.

I Assistant Professor, Law College, University of Peshawar. Email:
mnf@uop.edu.pk
2 Provincial Coordinator KP Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Email:
irshadahmadadvocate@gmail.com
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