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44 J.L. & Soc'y 1 (2013)

handle is hein.journals/jlsup44 and id is 1 raw text is: 










Journal of Law and Society                      Law College
Vol. 44, No. 63                                 University of Peshawar
                                                January, 2013


HOW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION THEORY AND
        PRACTICE HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO
            TOTALITARIAN TENDENCIES?

 Zia Obaid*, Amir Hussain**, Mehnaz Gul***, Abdul Qayum Khan****'


 Introduction

 In his recent book on American Democracy, Sheldon Wolin  analyzed
 contemporary   American    democracy    from    multiple   aspects
 [ CITATION   WolO8  \l 1033 ]. The theoretical perspective posited by
Wolin  gives plausible cause and effect relationships relating to various
aspects of American society, politics and economics.
For the purpose of building the argument, the point of departure will be
the  simplification of the framework:   the analysis  of American
Democracy   carried out from internal and external perspectives. By
internal perspective I mean   that the characteristics of American
Democracy  are analyzed by scrutinizing the society, institutions, power
sources and power  structures. This is done by studying the historical
development  and seasoning of American  Democracy   through history
and what made  it different from various other types i.e. by studying the
government  actions of various epochs and the reaction of people to those
actions is used to  elucidate the changes occurring in the society,
institutions and power structures. Extending his arguments  further,
Wolin  argued that the subtle changes brought  into the Democratic
patterns within the country and the huge military complex created by the
American  government  gave rise to the hegemonic ambition of the
government  to become   a superpower.  He  thus posited that this
ambition brought  changes in the policies pursued by the American
government  abroad.
The  discussion starts with the description of characteristics of the
American  society where the major power elites are discussed. According

1* Assistant Professor, Institute of Management Studies, University of Peshawar
**Lecturer, Institute of Management Studies, University of Peshawar
   Lecturer, College of Home Economic, University of Peshawar
*   Dean, Faculty of Management and Information, University of Peshawar
                                 1

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