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40 J.L. & Soc'y 1 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/jlsup40 and id is 1 raw text is: 











Journal of Law and Society                     Law College
Vol. 40, No. 55 & 56                           University of Peshawar
                                               January & July, 2010 issues


  THE HISTORY AND POLITICS OF RELIGIOUS
               EXTREMISM IN PAKISTAN

               Basharat  Hussain*,  Sajjad  Hussain**,
          Salman   Bangash***,   Muhammad Khalid****

Abstract

        Issues like religious extremism and fanaticism have taken even
        more  threatening form  in the 21   century. Characterized  by
        high-tech global social milieu, today's world is more prone and
        jeopardized by  the destructive impacts of religious extremism,
        than it was  before.  The problem  of religious extremism  has
        unfortunately  been  a  historical legacy being  inherited  by
        Pakistan  since its inception. It has not only eroded the very
        socio-economic  and ideological foundations of the country with
        unprecedented  rates, but also created a very negative image of
        Pakistan throughout the globe. The roots of religious extremism
        dated back  to the pre-independence colonial era where British
        rulers brought  Blasphemy   laws  to the Indian  subcontinent.
        Although, the case for the creation of Pakistan was  based on
        religious freedom for all Muslim's sects and for the minorities
        as  well; however,   the post-independence   period  shows   a
        continuation  and  acceleration  of  religious and   sectarian
        intolerance, thus making the situation even worse than before.
        Moved  by  the lethality of the problem of religious extremism,
        this paper intends to seek insights deeper into it, by unveiling its
        historical, political, social and ethnic underpinnings.

Key  Words:     Extremism,   Religious intolerance, Poverty,  Political
Instability, Militancy, Sectarianism

* Assistant Professor in Social Work, Institute of Social Work, Sociology and Gender Studies,
University of Peshawar.
** Lecturer in Social Work, Department of Sociology and Social Work, University of Malakand,
Dir Lower.
   Lecturer, Department of History, University of Peshawar.
*** Rehabilitation Officer, Dera Ismail Khan, Directorate of Social Welfare, Special Education and
women empowerment, Govt of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
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