41 J.L. & Educ. 281 (2012)
Keeping Kids in Schools: Restorative Justice, Punitive Discipline, and the School to Prison Pipeline

handle is hein.journals/jle41 and id is 285 raw text is: Keeping Kids in Schools: Restorative Justice,
Punitive Discipline, and the School to Prison
Pipeline
Thalia Gonzilez*
I. INTRODUCTION
Although the use of restorative justice in schools is hardly new glob-
ally, the emergence of school-based restorative justice in the United
States as an educational practice to address the far-reaching negative
impacts of punitive discipline policies is a more recent phenomenon.
School-based restorative justice programs in the United States have
grown exponentially in the last five years. Within the school context,
restorative justice is broadly defined as an approach to discipline that
engages all parties in a balanced practice that brings together all people
impacted by an issue or behavior.' It allows students, teachers, families,
schools, and communities to resolve conflict, promote academic
achievement, and address school safety. Restorative justice practice in
schools is often seen as building on existing relationships and comple-
mentary with other non-discipline practices, such as peer mediation or
youth courts.
*Assistant Professor at Occidental College in Los Angeles, California. I wish to thank Emily
Niklaus, Class of 2011, Occidental College, and Alison Caditz, Class of 2011, Occidental
College, for their invaluable research assistance
1. Gillean McCluskey et al., Can Restorative Practices in Schools Make a Difference?, 60
EDUC. REv. 405, 407-08 (2008); Peta Blood & Margaret Thorsbome, The Challenges of Culture
Change: Embedding Restorative Practice in Schools, paper presented at the Sixth International
Conference on Conferencing, Circles and other Restorative Practices: Building a Global Alliance
for Restorative Practices and Family Empowerment (Mar. 3-5, 2005); Jeanne B. Stinchcomb,
Gordon Bazemore & Nancy Riestenberg, Beyond Zero Tolerance: Restoring Justice in Secondary
Schools, 4 YOUTH VIOLENCE & JUV. JUST. 123, 124 (2006); Lyn Harrison, Front Authoritarian to
Restorative Schools, RECLAIMING YOUTH AND CHILDREN, 17-18 (2007); David R. Karp & Beau
Breslin, Restorative Justice in School Communities, 33 YOUTH & SOC'y 249, 251-66 (2001);
Sally Varnham, Seeing Things Differently: Restorative Justice and School Discipline, 17 EDUC.
AND THE LAW 87, 88 (2005); Lorraine Stutzman Amstutz & Judy Mullet, The Little Book of
Restorative Discipline for Schools: Teaching Responsibility; Creating Caring Climates (2005);
Brenda E. Morrison, Regulating Safe School Communities: Being Responsive and Restorative,
41(6) J. OF EDUC. ADMIN. 689, 690-694, 701-702 (2003).

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