26 J. Legal Aspects Sport 1 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/jlas26 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Journal of Legal Aspects of Sport, 2016, 26,1-4
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/las.2015-0021                  Human Kinetics _.ZM
 2016 Sport and Recreation Law Association                     COMMENTARY



       The Americans with Disabilities Act

    25th Anniversary: Assessing Progress,

           Opportunities, and Challenges


                 John Grady and Anita M. Moorman
                             Guest Editors

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is one of the most comprehensive
pieces of civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and guarantees that
people with disabilities have opportunities equal to everyone else to participate in
mainstream American life. The origins of the ADA began during the 1960s Civil
Rights movement. While the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination
on the basis of race, religion, and national origin, the law did not protect people
with disabilities. Discrimination on the basis of disability would first be addressed
in 1973 with the enactment of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Sec-
tion 504 was limited in its scope by not protecting people with disabilities from
discrimination in employment or public accommodations in the private sector. Not
until passage of the ADA in 1990 were comprehensive protections provided for
people with disabilities in the United States.
    Reflecting on the progress made over the past 25 years, the ADA has trans-
formed sport and recreation in multiple areas, several of which are specifically
examined in articles featured in this Special Issue. The articles that follow help
to highlight ADA's impact related to (1) facilities and events, (2) participation
opportunities in sport and recreation, and (3) policy development and manage-
ment of sport and recreation organizations. Each article featured in this Special
Issue examines the role and impact the ADA has had or may have in the future
to provide greater access and opportunity in sport and recreation. In their article
about perceptions and attitudes of elite athletes with disabilities, Cottingham et
al. examine the athletes' perspective of accessibility before and after passage of
the ADA. Meanwhile, Young et al. analyze whether Big Ten campus recreation
programs provide a welcoming environment through information provided on their
websites. Hums et al. present universal design as an effective management strategy
in tandem with ADA requirements to benefit those with and without disabilities in
society. Finally, Gillentine et al. predict how the ADA may be applied in the near
future to create accessible and safe tailgating for people with disabilities and older
fans.

Grady (jgrady@sc.edu) is with the Dept. of Sport and Entertainment Management, University of South
Carolina, Columbia, SC. Moorman (amm@louisville.edu) is with the Sport Administration Program,
University of Louisville, Louisville, KY. They are Guest Editors for this special issue of the Journal
of Legal Aspects of Sport.

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