10 J.L. & Health 1 (1995-1996)
Lawyer Distress: Alcohol-Related Problems and Other Psychological Concerns among a Sample of Practicing Lawyers

handle is hein.journals/jlah10 and id is 11 raw text is: LAWYER DISTRESS: ALCOHOL-RELATED PROBLEMS AND
OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCERNS AMONG A SAMPLE
OF PRACTICING LAWYERS
CONNIE J.A. BECK1
BRUCE D. SALES2
G. ANDREW H. BENJAMIN3
INTRODUCTION
Psychological distress and alcoholism do not recognize socioeconomic or
professional boundaries.4 The increase in employee assistance programs and
professional associations that are now actively addressing psychological
distress and providing confidential counselling and alcohol treatment for their
members is a testament to the rising concern about these issues.5 One
1B.S., Portland State University, 1983; B.S., University of Oregon, 1989; M.A.,
University of Arizona, 1993; and is a joint degree Doctoral Student in Psychology, Policy
and Law and Clinical Psychology, University of Arizona.
2B.A., University of Rochester, 1966; Ph.D., University of Rochester, 1971; J.D.,
Northwestern University, 1973; and is Professor of Psychology, Psychiatry, Sociology,
and Law, University of Arizona.
3B. A., University of Oregon Honors Program, 1976; J.D., University of Arizona,
1984; Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1985; and is Affiliate Associate Professor of Law and
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Washington; Director of the
Parenting and Evaluation Training Program at Outpatient Psychiatry and Behavioral
Sciences at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
4See G. Andrew H. Benjamin et al., The Prevalence of Depression, Alcohol Abuse, and
Cocaine Abuse Among United States Lawyers, 13 INT'L J. L. & PSYCHIATRY 233 (1990)
[hereinafter, Benjamin, Prevalence of Depression]; Thomas L. CoryHow Not To Snap Under
Pressure, TRIAL, Jan. 1992, at 28; Eric Drogin, Alcoholism in The Legal Profession:
Psychological and Legal Perspectives and Interventions, 15 LAW & PSYCHOL. REV. 117 (1991);
John S. Martel, Lawyer Burnout: Its Causes-Some Thoughts on Prevention, TRIAL, July 1988,
at 62.
5See G. Andrew H. Benjamin et al., Comprehensive Lawyer Assistance Programs:
Justification and Model, 16 LAW & PSYCHOL. REV. 113 (1992); Terry C. Blum & Paul M.
Roman, Purveyor Organizations and the Implementation of Employee Assistance Programs,
24 J. APPLIED BEHAV. SCI. 397 (1988); Bruce E. Brody, Employee Assistance Programs: An
Historical and Literature Review, 2 AM. J. HEALTH PROMOTION 13 (1988); Michael M. Harris
& Mary L. Fennell, Perceptions of an Employee Assistance Program and Employees'
Willingness to Participate, 24 J. APPLIED BEHAV. SCI. 423 (1988); William J. Sonnenstuhl,
Contrasting Employee Assistance, Health, Promotion, and Quality of Work Life Programs and
Their Effects onAlcoholAbuseand Dependence, 24J. APPLIED BEHAV. Sci. 347 (1988); William
J. Sonnenstuhl et al., Ideology and Referral Categories in Employee Assistance Program
Research, 24 J. APPLIED BEHAV. SCL 383 (1988); Paul D. Steele, Employee Assistance
Programs in Context: An Application of The Constructive Broker Role, 24 J. APPLIED BEHAV.
SCi. 365 (1988); Paul D. Steele, Substance Abuse and the Workplace, with Special Attention
to Employee Assistance Programs: An Overview, 24 J. APPLIED BEHAV. Sci. 315 (1988);

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