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12 J. Int'l L & Int'l Rel. 9 (2016)
Harmonizing the Law to Protect Cultural Diplomacy: The Foreign Cultural Exchange Jurisdictional Immunities Clarification Act

handle is hein.journals/jilwirl12 and id is 9 raw text is: 




HARMONIZING THE LAW TO PROTECT CULTURAL
DIPLOMACY: THE FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE
JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITIES CLARIFICATION ACT

EMILY BEHZADI*

I.  P REA M BLE  ........................................................................................................... 10

II. IN TROD U CTION  .................................................................................................... 10

III.  B ACKGROUN D  ..................................................................................................... 13

    1. THE FOREIGN SOVEREIGN IMMUNITIES ACT (FSIA) ............................... 13
    2. IMMUNITY FROM SEIZURE ACT (IFSA) .................................................... 15
    3. MALEVICZ V. CITY OF AMSTERDAM: INCONSISTENCIES
       BETWEEN FSIA AND IFSA ......................................................................  16
    4. FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITY
       C LARIFICATION  A CT  .................................................................................... 18

IV. CULTURAL OBJECTS ON LOAN SHOULD NOT CONSTITUTE COMMERCIAL
    ACTIVITIES PURSUANT    TO  FSIA  ...................................................................  21

V. THE FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITY
    CLARIFICATION ACT WOULD EASE THE TENSION BETWEEN FSIA AND IFSA 25

    1. A CLARIFICATION BILL WILL NARROWLY STRENGTHEN THE ABILITY OF
       MUSEUMS TO BORROW FOREIGN ART AND CULTURAL ARTIFACTS ............ 25
   2.  THE PROPOSED BILL DOES NOT ENCOURAGE THE EXHIBITION
       OF STOLEN A RT  .......................................................................................... 26
    3. FUTURE EXCHANGES ARE THREATENED BY THE DISCONNECT BETWEEN
       FSIA AND IFSA ......................................................................................  28
    4. THE HOLOCAUST ERA EXCEPTION IS APPROPRIATE ................................. 29

VI. INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION FOR IMMUNITY FROM SUIT
    AND IM M UNITY  FROM  SEIZURE  .......................................................................... 31

V II. C ON CLU SION  ...................................................................................................... 33
JD, Georgetown University Law Center, 2015. I thank Professor Anne-Marie Carstens,
Georgetown University Law Center, for sharing your expertise and perspective. I thank
Dean Leticia Diaz, Barry University School of Law, and Vincent Sena for your input and
valuable feedback.
© 2016 Journal of International Law and International Relations
Vol 12 No. 1, pages 9-34. ISSN: 1712-2998.

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