12 J. Int'l L & Int'l Rel. 9 (2016)
Harmonizing the Law to Protect Cultural Diplomacy: The Foreign Cultural Exchange Jurisdictional Immunities Clarification Act

handle is hein.journals/jilwirl12 and id is 9 raw text is: 




HARMONIZING THE LAW TO PROTECT CULTURAL
DIPLOMACY: THE FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE
JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITIES CLARIFICATION ACT

EMILY BEHZADI*

I.  P REA M BLE  ........................................................................................................... 10

II. IN TROD U CTION  .................................................................................................... 10

III.  B ACKGROUN D  ..................................................................................................... 13

    1. THE FOREIGN SOVEREIGN IMMUNITIES ACT (FSIA) ............................... 13
    2. IMMUNITY FROM SEIZURE ACT (IFSA) .................................................... 15
    3. MALEVICZ V. CITY OF AMSTERDAM: INCONSISTENCIES
       BETWEEN FSIA AND IFSA ......................................................................  16
    4. FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITY
       C LARIFICATION  A CT  .................................................................................... 18

IV. CULTURAL OBJECTS ON LOAN SHOULD NOT CONSTITUTE COMMERCIAL
    ACTIVITIES PURSUANT    TO  FSIA  ...................................................................  21

V. THE FOREIGN CULTURAL EXCHANGE JURISDICTIONAL IMMUNITY
    CLARIFICATION ACT WOULD EASE THE TENSION BETWEEN FSIA AND IFSA 25

    1. A CLARIFICATION BILL WILL NARROWLY STRENGTHEN THE ABILITY OF
       MUSEUMS TO BORROW FOREIGN ART AND CULTURAL ARTIFACTS ............ 25
   2.  THE PROPOSED BILL DOES NOT ENCOURAGE THE EXHIBITION
       OF STOLEN A RT  .......................................................................................... 26
    3. FUTURE EXCHANGES ARE THREATENED BY THE DISCONNECT BETWEEN
       FSIA AND IFSA ......................................................................................  28
    4. THE HOLOCAUST ERA EXCEPTION IS APPROPRIATE ................................. 29

VI. INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION FOR IMMUNITY FROM SUIT
    AND IM M UNITY  FROM  SEIZURE  .......................................................................... 31

V II. C ON CLU SION  ...................................................................................................... 33
JD, Georgetown University Law Center, 2015. I thank Professor Anne-Marie Carstens,
Georgetown University Law Center, for sharing your expertise and perspective. I thank
Dean Leticia Diaz, Barry University School of Law, and Vincent Sena for your input and
valuable feedback.
 2016 Journal of International Law and International Relations
Vol 12 No. 1, pages 9-34. ISSN: 1712-2998.

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