12 J. Islamic L. & Culture 1 (2010)

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nen in traditional Shar

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i in Islamic tradition

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Islam, a wt
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refers have been the subject c
monographs in ArabiC2 and Persis
as lists of those differences appee

asis of the very ract that one is
h other in many respects. The
tures and dispositions were nt
,n very many rights, duties at
In the western world they are
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and natural differences. It is

orinceton.edi

1998), 124. In the s 
isis how those dissit

also his Islam va m
his arguments have
been accepted and r(
2For example, Mul
1392/1971-72); 'AX
Beirut, 1993); and
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8, 1    ,958)

1, 2001); and

mt urgamisanon
hharl5 goes to so
necessarily meat
70 [1991]) 1,305

disc

any Muslim modernists dc
-iq bayna al-rajul wa-al-i
fT ahkam al-mar 'a (11 v
pa fi 'l-Islam (Qum, 2003)
S va mard dar Issdm va
Sarvistant, Tafawut-i zar
-sin Jahang~rl, BarrasT-yi

Journal ofls
Vol. 12, No.

8th cei
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and soci

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dern sti
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slamic leg

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iber c
lamic
-ethict

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has generally
vn to our time.
ar'a (Tehran,
Is, al-Risalah,
avanin-i Iran

ita

(B-dstdn-i Ki

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