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9 J. Int'l Bus. & L. 41 (2010)
The Global Financial Crisis and Its Impact on India

handle is hein.journals/jibla9 and id is 41 raw text is: THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON
INDIA
K G. Viswanathan *
I. INTRODUCTION
The world has witnessed several financial crises in the past few
decades, such as the OPEC oil crises of the 1970s, the United States Savings
and Loan crisis of the 1980s, the prolonged economic downturn in the Japanese
economy in the 1990s, the Asian financial crisis in the latter part of the 1990s,
and the problems following the crash of the dot com bubble in the early part of
the last decade. Each of these events had been accompanied by shocks to the
economies of one or more markets or regions and it took several years of
concerted economic and regulatory policy adjustments for the affected markets
to return to stability. While it is normal for financial crises to occur frequently
and the affected economies to recover subsequently, it nevertheless results in
economic losses for the countries involved and for the people, businesses and
institutions in those countries.
The Global Financial Crisis, which started in 2008, is the latest in the
series of economic crises to adversely impact world economies. Unlike the past
few crises, the current crisis has not spared any of the countries or market
sectors, and has devastated economies that were traditionally strong. While the
world is slowly seeing an end to the crisis, it is widely acknowledged that
among the financial crisis of the past hundred years, only the Great Depression
of the 1930s had a more severe and protracted effect on the world economy
compared to the current economic upheaval. What started as an excessively
loose monetary policy in the 1990s in major developed economies transformed
into global imbalances and a full-blown financial and economic crisis for all the
economies of the world.1 The problems that were first noticed in the US sub-
prime mortgage market quickly spilled over into the real estate and banking
* K. G. Viswanathan, Ph.D., CFA, is an Associate Professor of Finance at Frank G. Zarb School of
Business at Hofstra University.
1 Mohan, Rakesh (2009), Global Financial Crisis: Causes, Impact, Policy Responses and Lessons,
Working Paper 407, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. Taylor, John (2008), The Financial
Crisis and the Policy Responses: An Empirical Analysis of What Went Wrong, Working Paper
14631, National Bureau ofEconomic Research, Washington D.C., USA.

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