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19 J. Hist. Int'l L. 1 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/jhintl19 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                       JOURNAL  OF THE  HISTORY OF
  '                 INTERNATIONAL  LAW  19 (2017) 1-49       JH     IL
  BRILL
NIJHOFF                                                        brill.com/jhil



The   Forgotten Genocide in Colonial America:

Reexamining the 1622 Jamestown Massacre within

the   Framework of the UN Genocide Convention


       John T Bennett
     Attorney, Fayetteville, NC, United States



        Abstract

In 1622, in Jamestown, Virginia, Powhatan warriors launched a surprise attack against
English settlements. In terms of the percentage of a group or tribe killed in a single
massacre, the 1622 attack was the deadliest attack committed by either side - Native
Americans or English settlers - in early American history. The Powhatan attempted
to wipe out every English person, combatant or non-combatant. They killed at least
one-quarter of the English in the Jamestown region. Historians label this event a
'massacre' or 'uprising', which are inaccurate analytical labels. Scholars have not ana-
lysed the 1622 attack within the appropriate framework of genocide. To remedy that
omission, this article reexamines the attack within the UN Genocide Convention
framework. The  Convention provides methodological, empirical, and normative
benefits for understanding past conflict. In planning and executing the attack, the
Powhatan had the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, the English colonists as such.



        Keywords


genocide - history - race - ideology - native American



        Introduction


On 22 March  1622, the Powhatan tribe nearly succeeded in killing every English
settler in the Jamestown region of Virginia. On that day, Powhatan warriors
launched  a surprise attack, slaughtering 347 men,  women,  and  children,


* John Bennett is a combat veteran and practicing attorney. He holds a Master's degree in Social
   Science Research from the University of Chicago and a law degree from Emory University.


© KONINKLIJKE BRILL NV, LEIDEN, 2016  DOI 10.1163/15718050-12340077

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