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2 J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 102 (2022)
Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective

handle is hein.journals/jevlp2 and id is 263 raw text is: ISSN 2564-016X I December 2022
Eleanor Mateo*
Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Brussels School of Governance, Vrije Universiteit, Brussels, Belgium
Email: Eleanor.mateo@uef.fi I https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0126-887X
Topi Turunen
Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, Helsinki, Finland
Email: topi.turunen@uef.fi I https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4502-8088
Joonas Alaranta
Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Registry of the Board of Appeal, European Chemicals Agency, Helsinki, Finland
Email: joonas.alaranta@uef.fi I https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3197-6594
*Corresponding author
Received: 08 November 2022 1 Accepted 29 November 2022 1 Published 28 December 2022
In recent years, transitioning to a more circular economy has been introduced as a
policy objective in many jurisdictions across the globe with a view to achieving a
sustainable society. However, the increasing attention paid to this issue has so far not
led to a large-scale transformation of production processes and consumption. Instead,
many circular economy innovations have remained niche and have not become the
mainstream solutions. A plethora of regulatory, market, cultural and technological
barriers limit the demand for, and consequently wide-scale adoption of, circular
solutions. This article examines the potential offered by regulatory demand-pull
instruments to overcome such barriers and to mainstream circular economy solutions.
In particular, the article investigates innovative demand-pull instruments that have
been used in various jurisdictions globally. This article analyses the instruments
according to their types - i.e., command-and-control measures, economic incentives,
information tools and public procurement - to gain a better understanding of the
rationales, strengths, and limitations of these categories of instruments in creating a
stable demand for the circular economy. The lessons learned from the regulatory
innovations enable a more critical approach in determining the best combination of
instruments and tools to implement sustainable circular solutions on a larger scale.
Keywords: Circular economy; Transition; Demand-pull instruments; Sustainability
Editor-in-Chief Prof. Dr. Kamrul Hossain I Deputy Editors-in-Chief Dr. Evgeniya Kopitsa,
Prof. Dr. Ngozi Finette Unuigbe I Executive Editor: Dr. Hasrat Arjjumend
How to cite this paper Eleanor Mateo, Topi Turunen and Joonas Alaranta, 'Demand-Pull
Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective' (2022) 02 (03)
Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 102-138 <https://doi.org/10.33002/jelp02.03.03>
Copyright © 2022 by author(s). This work is licensed under the Creative Commons
Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
C                  Open-

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